Dissociative Disorder

What is Dissociative Disorder?

Formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is a controversial diagnosis in which an individual has two or more distinct personalities, each with their own memories and patterns of behavior. The development of these multiple personalities is a coping mechanism caused by extreme trauma or abuse at an early age (prior to when a sense of a unitary self forms).

(`Shkedi, 2013 )

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Dissociative Disorder

Dissociative disorder is from a larger category Multiple Personality Disorder.

Characteristics and Symptoms

The person with a dissociative disorder experiences a disconnection and lack of continuity between thoughts, memories, surroundings, actions and identity. People with dissociative disorder can't cope with stress and they can tune everything out or even disappearing without knowing that they are doing it.
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Identity Theories

  1. Dissociative disorder can be caused by long-term physical, sexual or emotional abuse or in the home environment that’s intimidating or unpredictable. The causes of dissociative disorder are environmental.

Potential Drug Treatments

There are no medications for dissociative disorder doctors may prescribe antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications or antipsychotic medications, these drugs will help to control the mental health symptoms of the dissociative disorder.
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( Ermarth 2011 )

Potential Therapy Treatments

The potential therapy that could be used for for dissociative disorder is talk therapy. The therapy will help with understanding of your disorder and find ways to cope with stressful circumstances. The goals of the therapy is for the therapist eventually be able to talk to his patients about their trauma that you have experienced.

Prevalence of Dissociative Disorder

In clinical populations, the estimated prevalence of dissociative disorder ranges from 0.5 to 1.0% (Maldonado, Butler, & Spiegel, 2002). In the general population, estimates of prevalence are somewhat higher, ranging from 1-5% (Rubin & Zorumski, 2005). Females are more likely to receive a diagnosis of dissociative disorder, at a ratio of 9:1 (Lewis-Hall, 2002). Dissociative disorders varies from 10% in the general population to 46% in psychiatric inpatients.

Gender, Age, and Cultural Features of this Disorder

Its more common among women most of the times it starts in children, it is usually diagnosed before 9 years old. This disorder affects all the different racial and ethnic groups in the same ways. It is spread all over the world.
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( Löppönen 2008 )

Case Study

Female 33 years old. fired from her job every time for absences. friends said that she was dressing in “flashy” clothing and taking a taxi instead of her car and she doesn't believe that she has an affair. Appears calm but claims to be very disturbed by blochout periods, and she was reported missing twice but reappeared with no signs of violence.

Citation

DSM-5 List of Mental Disorders. (2013, January 1). Retrieved December 7, 2014, from http://www.psychologycharts.com/list-of-mental-disorders.html

M Clinic isn’t a name - fix please!

Clinic, M. (n.d.). Dissociative disorders. Retrieved December 7, 2014, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dissociative-disorders/basics/definition/con-20031012

Goldberg, J. (2014, May 31). Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder): Signs, Symptoms, Treatment. Retrieved December 7, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/dissociative-identity-disorder-multiple-personality-disorder?page=5#1

Frey, Rebecca J.; Haycock, Dean A.. "Dissociative identity disorder." Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. 2003. Retrieved December 07, 2014 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3405700130.html

`Shkedi, L. (2013, February 27). Dissociative identity disorder. Retrieved December 12, 2014, fromhttps://www.flickr.com/photos/shkedz/

Ermarth, M. (2011, July 24). Drug Disposal. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/fdaphotos/5664575175/in/

Löppönen, P. (2008, February 1). Dissociative identity disorder = i.e. Split personality. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/plopponen/

Wolf, J. (2013, April 14). Dissociative Identity Disorder. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/76866652@N03/8649886128/in/