My Research project

by jessica morris

Defining Transcendentalism

Transcendentalism is religious and philosophical movement that developed during the late1820s and 30s in the Eastern region of the united states as a protest against the general state of spirituality and, in particular, the state of intellectualism at Harvard University and the doctrine of the Unitarian church as taught at Harvard divinity school. Among transcendentalist core beliefs was the inherent goodness of both people and nature. They believe the society and its institutions- particularly organized religion and political parties-ultimately corrupt the purity of the individuals that true community could be formed.

Bigest idea that came out of the Utopian Movement

Some Americans in the 1830s concluded that society had corrupted human nature. They decided that the solution was to separate from society and from a utopia, or ideal society. Cooperative living and the absence of private property characterized these communities. Perhaps the best known were book farm, a cooperative community in Massachusetts, and the Oneida Community, a religious society in update New York.

Brook Farm Community

Was a Utopian experiment in communal living in the united states in the 1840s. It was founded by former Unitarian minister George ripely and his wife Sophia Ripely at the ellis farm in west Roxbury, Massachusetts in 1841 and was inspired in part by ideals of Transcendentalism, a religious and cultural philosophy based in New England. Founded as a joint stock company, it promised its participants a portion of the profits from the farm in exchange for performing a equal share of the work. Brook Farmers believed that by sharing the workload, ample time would be available for leisure activities and intellectual pursuits. Ample: enough or more than enough
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Nathaniel Hawthorne

The scarlet letter is an 1850 romantic work of fiction in a historical setting, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and is considered to be his magnum opus. Set in 17th-century puritan Boston, Massachusetts during the years 1642 to 1649, it tells the story of Hester Prynne, who conceives a daughter through an affair and struggles to create a new life of repentance and dignity. Throughout the book, Hawthorne explores themes of legalism, sin, and guilt.
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Noah Webster jr

was an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author. He has been called the "Father of American scholarship and Education". His blue-backed speller books taught five generations of American children how to spell and read, secularizing their education. According to Ellis (1979) he gave Americans "a secular catechism to the nation-state".[1]

Webster's name has become synonymous with "dictionary" in the United States, especially the modern merman webster dictionary that was first published in 1828 as An American Dictionary of the english Language. He was one of the founding fathers of the nation.