Social Freedom

Civil Rights Movements


This act signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1694, prohibeted discrimination i plublic places, provide for intergattion of schiils and other plublic facillties, and made employment discrimination illigal. This documents was the most sweeping civil rightd legislation since reconstruction. In a nationally televised address on June 6, 1963, President John F. Kennedy urged the nation to take action toward guaranteeing equal treatment of every American regardless of race. Soon after, Kennedy proposed that Congress consider civil rights legislation that would address voting rights, public accommodations, school desegregation, nondiscrimination in federally assisted programs, and more.

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Shortly after noon on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated as he rode in a motorcade through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, Texas. By the fall of 1963, President John F. Kennedy and his political advisers were preparing for the next presidential campaign.

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Laws, Laws, and more LAWS

During this period, the Fourteenth Amendment (1868)—granting Equal Protection of the laws—and Fifteenth Amendment (1870)—giving the right to vote to all males regardless of race—were ratified, and troops from the North occupied the South from 1865 to 1877 to enforce the Abolition of Slavery.

State-sponsored school segregation was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education. Generally, the remaining Jim Crow laws were overruled by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.