Chapter 23 Activities

By: Christina Burdette


  • Covered thinly with gold lea for gold paint
  • It represented an era of cheap commercializations, shady-ness and fakery. People had a fascination with gold, wealth, power. Government left society to fend for themselves.

1868 presidential election:

Grant won due to the black vote 15th Ammendment (1870). They used the strategy of waving the bloody shirt and making Grant more of a war hero than he was to help him get the black vote.


  • Machine politics: being able to predict the outcomes of votes for election. As associations gained influences on their crowd, eventually the machine bosses ran the local government
  • Tammany hall: The most successful machine run by William boss tweed, who took $2 million from the local New York government. Boss Tweed was convicted of misusing government spending.
  • Thomas Nast was a crusading cartoonist/reporter that helped the immigrants understand that Tweed was corrupt so the immigrants stopped voting for him.
  • Americans commercial side came to light and learned to make money illegally. Ulysses S. Grant had to deal with Gould and Fiskes attempt to take over the gold market and his secretary of war, William belknap, accepting bribes. The presidents of this time also accepted bribes from Indian reservation suppliers.
  • Spoils system- people would pay friends and family for political favors with jobs.
  • Monopolies and trusts were on the rise during the 30 year period after civil war. This left a permanent mark on Americans politics and the publics belief about their government and office holder.

Compromise or 1877:

This pulled federal troops out of the south, officially ending the re instructional era.