ENGLAND

EDUCATION IN ENGLAND

HISTORY

Until 1870 all schools were charitable or private institutions, but in that year the Elementary Education Act 1870 permitted local governments to complement the existing elementary schools in order to fill any gaps. The Education Act 1902 allowed local authorities to create secondary schools. The Education Act 1908 abolished fees for elementary schools.

Legally Compulsory Education

Education is compulsory for all children aged 5 to 18, either at school or otherwise, with a child beginning primary education during the school year he or she turns 5. Children between the ages of 3 and 5 are entitled to 600 hours per year of optional, pre-school education. This can be provided in "playgroups", nurseries, community childcare centres or nursery classes in schools.

Primary school subjects: (ages 4–11)

  • Art
  • Citizenship
  • Geography
  • History
  • Languages (French, German, Spanish)
  • Literacy
  • Music
  • Personal, social and health education (PSHE)
  • Science
  • Arithmetic
  • Natural history

Secundary school subjects: (ages 11–16)

  • Art
  • Business studies
  • Citizenship
  • Dance
  • Design & technology
  • Drama
  • English
  • Geography
  • History
  • Information and communication technology (ICT)
  • Languages
  • Mathematics
  • Modern studies
  • Music
  • PE: Physical education
  • PSHE: Personal, social and health education (PSHE)
  • RE: Religious education
  • Science
  • Study skills

Other subjects include:

  • Ancient Greek
  • Animal husbandry
  • Art
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Commerce
  • Computer studies.
  • Design technology
  • Drama
  • Ethic(s)
  • Food technology
  • Foreign languages: Spanish, French, German, Irish, Welsh, Italian etc.
  • Geography
  • Health and hygiene
  • Latin
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Physics
  • RELIGION
  • Woodwork
  • Sociology
  • Psychology
  • Home economics

School calendar

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Most famous university in England

  • The University of Cambridge is the University's highest rank in England and the United Kingdom. U.S. News and Times Higher Education placed Cambridge N ° 2 on lists of the best universities in the world, after Harvard.
  • University of Oxford is perhaps the most recognized institution of higher education England. Oxford has led the way in European education since the middle ages in fields such as history, theology, law and science.
  • Imperial College London tied at no. 5 with Oxford in U.S. News World Report and Times Higher Education lists. Consists of four major divisions: the Faculty of engineering, that of medicine, the natural sciences and companies. Ranks sixth among all the engineering programs around the world, no. 10 in the natural sciences, and no. 17 in the life and biomedical sciences.
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