type 1 diabetic

by: chris schlick / Quante Moyd

type 1 diabetic definition and background

An autoimmune disease that occurs when T cells attack and destroy most of the beta cells in the pancreas that are needed to produce insulin, so that the pancreas makes too little insulin (or no insulin). Without the capacity to make adequate amounts of insulin, the body is not able to metabolize blood glucose (sugar), to use it efficiently for energy, and toxic acids (called ketoacids) build up in the body. There is a genetic predisposition to type 1 diabetes.

basic recommendation for a diabetic diet

healthy carbohydrates, fiber rich foods, heart healthy fish, good fats, and finally create a sample menu for breakfast lunch and dinner.

how is blood sugar monitored and adjusted for type 1 diabetes

perform a number of glucose tests each day or each week. The test most commonly involves pricking a finger with a lancet device to obtain a small blood sample, applying a drop of blood onto a reagent strip, and determining the glucose concentration by inserting the strip into a reflectance photometer for an automated reading. Test results are then recorded in a logbook or stored in the glucose meter’s electronic memory. People with diabetes can be taught to use their SMBG results to correct any deviations out of a desired target range by changing their carbohydrate intake, exercising, or using more or less insulin.

exercise recommendations

  • Have at least 15-20 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates
    (sports drinks, regular soda, or glucose tabs are all good ideas).

  • Wait 15-20 minutes and check your blood glucose

  • If it is still low and your symptoms of hypoglycemia
    don't go away, repeat the treatment.

  • After you feel better, be sure to eat regular meals and snacks as planned to keep your blood glucose level up.

  • then some exercises can be walking, hiking, climbing stairs, swimming, dancing, riding a bicycle, taking exercise classes, playing sports

    this all relates to controlling diabetes because it decreases the chance of having heart attacks strokes nervous attacks and

    3 Biomedical professionals that could assist a diabetic and what they do

    -Ophthalmologist- specialized in the eyes and visual system to prevent eye disease and injury. They can prevent late-stage eye disease. So they will help to make sure that they dont get any eye disease and then if they do they will help treat them with medication.

    -Clinical Researcher- a branch of healthcare science that determines the safety and effectiveness of medications, devices, diagnostic products and treatment regimens intended for human use. These may be used for prevention, treatment, diagnosis or for relieving symptoms of a disease so they make sure that they take care of themselves and that they have the right medication.

    -Podiatrist- a doctor of podiatric medicine (DPM), also known as a podiatrist physician or surgeon. Podiatrists diagnose and treat conditions of the foot, ankle, and related structures of the leg so they will help with figuring out what needs to be done with their legs while they have diabetes