The American Revolution

By: Jerin Binu

Summary of the American Revolution

The American Revolution started because the British was making too many taxes. They passed the sugar act which basically taxed sugar to get Britain more money. The colonists made the slogan "No taxation without representation" which basically meant the British weren't allowed to tax them without their permission. After this, Britain basically started taxing the colonists and the colonists started fighting back. One of the major events in the revolution was the Boston massacre. This was important because the first american casualty took place here. At the end, Britain started punishing the colonists to bring back order. All this did was make the colonists angrier.
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Lexington and Concord, 1775

1. It was made up of two battles

2. The British were trying to capture John Hancock and Samuel Adams

3. The colonists retreated for the first battle but the British retreated for the second

4. By the end of the day, the British had lost 273 men while the colonists only lost 94

5. These battles were significant because it was known as the battle that started the Revolutionary war

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Common Sense, 1776

1. It was a 47 page pamphlet that explained why the citizens should be able to make laws.

2. It was published anonymously and the authors name was Thomas Paine

3. News of this spread throughout the colonies and sold over 500,000 copies

4. It made a strong case for economic freedom.

5. It changed the way many colonists viewed the king

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Declaration of Independence, 1776

1. Thomas Jefferson wrote the declaration of independence

2. It was adopted by the second continental congress

3. The purpose of the DOI was to declare the reasons for independence

4. It argued that all people possessed unalienable rights

5. It accused the king of passing unfair laws and interfering with colonial governments.

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Battle of Saratoga, 1777

1. The British had a plan to divide the colonists so they could win

2. British general Howe delayed the plan by going to Philadelphia instead of going north

3. The plan failed entirely when the army was defeated

4. The British were unprepared because they thought the americans were just ignorant farmers

5. The battle was significant because it marked a turning point in the American Revolution

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Winter at Valley Forge, 1777-1778

1. Washington and his battle-weary army had to spend winter at Valley Forge

2. Many people suffered from diseases and pneumonia

3. Washington used this time to train his troops

4. Foreign solders from Germany and France helped them train.

5. Marquis de Lafayette helped the continental army even though the French king forbid it

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The Battle of Yorktown, 1781

1. General Washington managed with French help to corner the main British army

2. After a few days, the British army of 8,000 solders was forced to surrender

3.British General Charles Cornwallis didn't take part in the ceremony saying he was sick but he just couldn't bear to surrender publicly

4. The Battle of Yorktown was the last major battle of the war

5. When news of the defeat arrived at England, the British just decided to give up

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The Treaty of Paris, 1783

1. the treaty of paris ended the American Revolutionary was

2. The British had to recognize the independence of the colonies

3. They had to remove all British troops from America

4. The new western boundary of America was the Mississippi river

5. A separate treaty between Britain and Spain returned Florida to the Spanish

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