Duck & Cover
By; John Allen
- Protecting normal citizens from the possibility of attack became a concern in World War I but the fear was vastly heightened by World War II.
- Schools were the logical focal point for this training as they already had tentacles into most parts of the community
- American emergency councils as early as 1917 created this, there was no major government focus on civil defense until the early 1950s
The Soviets successfully detonated their own atomic bomb, robbing the United States of their brief status of being the only country with nuclear weapons. Because U.S.-Soviet relations were tense, the United States became concerned about the possibility of nuclear attack and created the Federal Civil Defense Administration in 1951. Congress did not provide a robust budget, the emphasis of the FCDA was on disseminating information to teach communities how to protect themselves. Congress did not provide a robust budget, the emphasis of the FCDA was on disseminating information to teach communities how to protect themselves.