Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution was a time when the 13 colonies rebelled against their mother country, England. One of the social reasons that started the revolution was that the rich people were being taxed, and they were the top of the social pyramid so they got everyone that looked up to them to agree that the taxes were unfair. One of the economic reasons was that people had to pay imported goods taxes.I think that the colonists were right for standing up against England because its not their war debts, its England's so the 13 colonies shouldn't be the ones paying for it all.
The Navigation acts were efforts to start using mercantilism. So the colonists were forced to only trade with or through England. certain items were such as sugar, tobacco, and indigo were to be only shipped to England. The colonies did not agree with the navigation act, so people started to smuggle sugar, and other resources, then Britain decided to stet up Vice-Amiralty courts to bring criminal charges for smuggling.
The Proclamation of 1763
After the French and Indian War, the British soldiers stayed in the Ohio River Valley to keep order. No one was fond of this, so King George lll was worried that their would be another war because the tension was so high. In attempt to avoid another war, King George lll issued the proclamation of 1763. in the proclamation of 1763, the colonists were not allowed to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. That was because king George lll didn't want to make the Indians angry for another war. But instead, the proclamation just made the colonists mad.
The Stamp Act
In 1765 the stamp act was passed. The stamp act taxed anything printed on paper by having colonists buy a stamp or seal for paper products. This made the colonists mad, so they started to Boycott certain products. A man named Samuel Adams began the Committees of Correspondents which was a group that lead the acts against the British. But then the stamp act was repealed in 1765.
The quartering act was a law passed by the King where you must house, and feed any soldier that comes to your home. Colonists did not like this because they did not want an army roaming around with blank search warrants also known as writs of assistance, which were used to search your house with no permission. They also did not like this new law because housing and feeding soldiers was costly.
in 1767 parliament passed the Townshend acts. This made colonists pay taxes on imported tea, glass, paper and other important items. And once again, the colonists boycotted the goods. Then a group of women called Daughters of Liberty made their own cloth instead of buying cloth from the British.
On March 5, 1770 a crowd gathered around an angry colonist arguing with a British soldier, and then the colonists got mad. Then more British soldiers showed up, and the mob got angrier and louder, then shots were fired. In the event, 5 colonists were shot and killed. and this became known as the Boston massacre and word of it spread fast through the 13 colonies which influenced the public opinion about the British.
Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
In 1773 parliament passed to Tea Act. This act made the colonists pay imported taxes on the tea. Colonists were not happy with this, so merchants would refuse to unload tea from the British ships, or not sell tea at all. The Daughters of Liberty would contribute to the boycott by making their own tea. But then on December 16, 1773 the Sons of Liberty illegally boarded ships and dumped 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor. This event was called the Boston Tea Party.
The Boston Tea Party made the government furious, so the British passed a law called the Coercive Acts in 1774. The colonists called these the Intolerable Acts because they were so harsh. This law stopped all trade between Boston and Britain, did not allow town meetings, and much more. These new laws were created to make the colonists pay for the tea, and to keep the colonists from planning any attacks.