Alex Chamberlin


Desertification is the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture. This is happening in Coastal Africa and south of the Sahara. Overgrazing is the major cause of desertification


Overpopulation is where the number of existing human population exceeds the capacity of that country or the world. Overpopulation is caused by reduced mortality rate, better medical facilities, and increased birth rate. Overpopulation is occurring in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa.
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A policy or system of segregation or discrimination based on race. This is an issue in South Africa because of the different leaders who believed in segregation of the races.


Genocide is the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially of a ethnic group or nation. Genocide took place or is happening now in the Luwero Triangle in Uganda, the mass grave in Rwanda, and many other places. In many cases, genocide is happening because of lust for power, political differences, and poverty.
1994 Rwandan Genocide Mini Documentary

Civil Wars

There are currently 15 countries located in Africa that are either in a civil war or are facing the aftermath of a civil war. Africa's civil wars are not the cause of ethnic and religious differences they are caused by high levels of poverty, failed political institutions, and economic dependence on natural resources.
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Diseases in Africa

The most common diseases in Africa are HIV/AIDS, tuburculosis, and malaria. Over 50% of children deaths in 2001 were due to diseases. Over 70% of South Africans with HIV/AIDS also have tuburculosis. Malnutrition remains one of the main causes of disease in Africa.
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How Does Lack of Education Contribute to the Problems Listed Above?

A lack of education related to the problems above because if more people were educated we could fight offo diseases better. Education is what leads to medical breakthroughs, with a low education rate in Africa, less people have the knowledge to become doctors. Also, with better education, less Civil Wars will occur. One of the causes of Civil Wars are failed political systems, but with better education that would be less of a problem.

Rites of Passage

A Rite of Passage is ceremony or event that marks an important part in someone's life. Most African countries and tribes go through a naming ceromony which is considered the first rite of passage. When a baby is born they have a cermony dedicated to namin them. Another rite of passage happens with the Masai tribe, they do the Eunato ceromony. This ceromony lasts a week and marks the transition from childhood to adulthood. The initiates are required to watch over the elders cattle, participate in cattle raids, and kill a lion.
Maasai Rites Of Passage Part 1


Swahili is a Bantu language used widely in East Africa and is the official language in some countries. Swahili is spoken in Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi, Rhanda, Burundi, and Samalia.
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Polygamy is the practice of having more than one spouse at the same time. At the beginning polygamy was popular in West Africa. Now polygamy is very widespread around Kenya, this is thanks to a man named Akuku Danger. He is said to have 100 wives.
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Bantu is relating to or denoting a group of Niger. Black South Africans were, at a time, refered to as "Bantu." Bantu is also a type of language. There are around 650 Bantu languages.
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