War of 1812

By Anthony Ross

Causes

The War of 1812 had several causes that ignited war between the nations. To name a few there was the continueation of impressment on American ships by the British. This was a huge problem for the United States because of the fact they were trying to stay neutral in all foreign affairs. Another cause of the war was that Native Americans were attacking the eastern boarders of the United States and their newly purchased Louisiana Territory. These attacks were not small tribal feuds with the United States they were all instigated by the one country that we gained are indepentance from, Britain. The United States at this time is having a very hard time to follow the warning of the nations first president George Washington, stay neutral in all foreign affairs.

While America is decieding if they should go to war a Native American tribal leader named Tecumseh attempts to unite tribes in the Indiana Territory to fight the U.S. government. Tecumseh was successful in uniting the tribes into a confederacy but Tecumseh's was in no way prepared for a surprise attack by the U.S. Army under the command of William Henry Harrison, Governor of the Indiana Territory. Harrison and his men successfully stop the rebellion at the Battle of Tippecanoe.

The U.S. could have resolved all their conflicts with Britain and the Native American tribes but the U.S. had a new problem on their hands, War Hawks, war hawks were young U.S. Senator that desperately wanted to wage war with Britain. Henry Clay a Senator from Kentucky was encouraging war with Britain for their involvement in the Native American attacks on the U.S. government. Since Kentucky is on the boarder of the Indiana Territory they had more of an impact from the attacks than most U.S. states. John C. Calhouh on the other hand was far away from the battles in the Indiana Territory. Senator Calhouh was from South Carolina and even though he was not effected by the battles, his state was greatly effected by the British impressment on American ships. Both war hawks wanted a war with Britain to protect and defend America's honor plus they wanted to gain Canada.

Battles Regions

The war first started with the U.S. Army's Invasion of Canada which was a miserable failure for the U.S. The U.S. started Naval Battles with the successful "Old Ironsides" sinking of British ships. The British sent a letter to the U.S. government saying they would stop the British Impressment of American ships but sadly the letter didn't arrive on time, the U.S. had already sign a Declaration of War. This meant that the British blockade was still a problem for the U.S. The British started the Chesapeake Campaign by marching through Washington D.C. and burning the White House, Capitol Building and several other government buildings. During the campaign the British fought the Americans at Fort McHenry, this is were Francis Scott Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner. The Southern Campaign lead by Andrew Jackson included the battles of Horseshoe Bend and the Battle of New Orleans.

Effects

After the War of 1812 the U.S. gains respect from many countries around the world. The U.S. finally respects Canada as a British neighbor. The Native Americans lost power and land due to the war of 1812. The U.S. builds factories and industries with the growth in economy. War heroes such as Jackson and Harrison finally get recognized by the whole country. A strong feeling of Nationalism start to a a raise.