How the Civil Court Works

By: Bryson Lowery

What Is The Civil Court

  1. When you sue someone for damages, such as for assault or defamation, you are engaging in a civil court action. The legal justice system is divided into two main courts: criminal and civil.

Defintions you need to know!




  1. Plaintiff-a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.





  2. Defendant-an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law.


  3. Complaint-a statement that a situation is unsatisfactory or unacceptable.

  4. Summons-an order to appear before a judge or magistrate, or the writ containing it.

  5. Pleadings-a formal statement of the cause of an action or defense.

  6. Pretrial-If the Defendant(s) answers the Complaint, the case will be scheduled for a pre-trial conference

  7. Meditation-intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration.

  8. Arbitration-the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute

  9. trial-a formal examination of evidence before a judge, and typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings

  10. preponderance of evidence- This preponderance is based on the more convincing evidence and its probable truth or accuracy, and not on the amount of evidence.

  11. Verdict-a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.

  12. appeal-make a serious or urgent request, typically to the public.