by: Jacob McMichael & Dylan Garvin
The Southern Magnolia is a medium-sized tree usually less than 80 feet tall and 3 feet in diameter. It is native to the bottomlands of the central and southern Coastal Plain. It is not tolerant of prolonged flooding. Southern magnolia has been widely planted as an ornamental or landscape tree across the state. It is the only evergreen magnolia.
The Southern Magnolia has leathery, persistent leaves, with a shiny, dark green surface and rusty under hairs. The mature foliage is from 3 to 8 inches long and 2 to 3 inches wide. The large (6 to 8 inches wide), fragrant flowers have six to 12 large white petals. They are among the most showy of all tree flowers.
Southern magnolia is very shade-tolerant, and under natural conditions, it usually is an understory tree with a clear, straight trunk. When grown as an ornamental, it maintains its heavily leaved limbs almost to the ground. The wood is light and soft and pale cream or tan colored.
- The Quercus virginiana is also known as the Southern Live Oak tree.
- The Live Oak tree is a southern symbol of strength.
- The Live Oak tree is the state tree of Georgia.
- The U.S.S. Constitution reportedly received its nickname, "Old Ironsides," during the War of 1812 because its live oak hull was so tough that British war ships' cannon balls literally bounced off it.
- The Highrise Live Oak tree is tough, long-lived and has few pest and disease problems.
- Live Oak trees are planted in historical cities for their character and appearance.
- Live Oak trees weigh over 55 pounds per cubic foot when air dried.
Live Oak Tree Fruit:
- Live Oak trees product sweet edible acorns that turkeys, ducks, Jays, Quail, Deer and other animals like to feed on
- Live Oak trees start producing acorns when they are around 20 years old
Live Oak Tree Growth & Life:
- Live Oak trees can live for 200 years plus!
- The name Live Oaks came from the fact that they remain green and "alive" throughout the winter when other oak trees are dormant and leafless.
- Live Oak trees can grow in forests, in front of buildings such as schools, parking lots, gardens, backyards and more.
- Live Oak trees also grow by oceans. They do great resisting the salt spray.
- Live Oak trees support many types of epiphytic plants including Spanish moss; giving Live Oak trees more character
- The Live Oak tree grows around 2-2.5 feet per year when young.
- Live oaks produce male flowers called catkins that bloom in hanging clusters.
- Female flowers appear singly or in clusters of one to five where the leaves join the twigs.