Temperate Hardwood Forests

paige oswald


the Tropical hardwood hammock is a closed canopy forest, dominated by a diverse assemblage of evergreen and semi-deciduous tree and shrub species, mostly of West Indian origin. It is an important habitat for ferns and orchids of West Indian origin. Soils in tropical hardwood hammocks are primarily composed of organic material.

Biotic factors

  • Deciduous Trees
  • Birch Trees
  • Oak Trees
  • Eastern Chipmunk
  • Red Tailed Hawk
  • Least Weasel
  • White-Tailed Deer
  • Coyote
  • Carpet Moss
  • Lady Fern
  • Common Lime


Abiotic factors

  • rocks
  • soil
  • water
  • sunlight
  • air
  • rain
  • hills
  • temperature
  • air masses
  • climate