Development of children age 3

By:Cheyenne bowman

Physical Characteristics

  • Growth in height 2 1/2 to 3 inches per year, boys slightly taller that girls
  • weight gain 4 to 5 pounds per year,boys slightly heavier than girls
  • Posture
  • Becomes straighter and slimmer
  • Stomach flattens
  • Holds shoulders back and upper body more erect
  • Chest broadens and flattens with improved abdominal strength

Motor Skills

  • Jumps up and down in place with both feet
  • Catches a ball with arms straight
  • Rides a tricycle
  • Stacks nine or ten blocks
  • Screws lids on and off containers
  • Draws circles horizontal and vertical lines

Emotional Characteristics

  • Learning to be cooperative and considerate
  • More physically capable so less frustrated
  • More willing to take directions from others
  • Modifies behavior to win praise and acceptance
  • Loves to talk and talk to everyone and everything
  • Can be reasoned with and controlled by words

Social Characteristics

  • People are important
  • Begin to engage in cooperative play
  • Works in small groups
  • Parents are not all-powerful in the child's social life
  • Seek friends on their own
  • Prefer some children over others

Physical Care

  • Encourage children ages three-six to dress themselves
  • Allow children to make clothing selections
  • Fabric should be comfortable
  • Allow room for growth
  • Choose items that allows the child to easily distinguish front back
  • Choose economical clothing because they outgrow it so quickly
  • Consider appropriateness for the occasion and activity for both clothing and shoes
  • Remember safety no loose cords, no name on outside of clothes
  • Group identification may become important
  • Flame resistant pajamas