Mesoamerica

By: Derek, Andrew, and Daniel

Basic Intro

Olmecs(1500-300 BCE)

Maya(300-1400 BCE)

Teotihuacan(300-700 BCE)

Settled in central and South America, present day Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.Developed an agricultural based economy around 2,000 BCE-250 CE. They had to develop agricultural techniques to farm in South America, such as, agricultural terracing, and slash and burn farming.

Aspects of civilizations

Advanced cities

Teotihuacan was one of the most important cities of mesoamerica. It is located in the valley of Mexico. Know for its agricultural significant pyramids and for its complexity and multi family compounds.

Social structure

They had slave as their lowest class, commoners were the Laboring lower class(most were farmers) merchants and artisans were the craftmans, scribes were well educated, able to read and write, had to undergo training, priest they were in charge of jobs and schools, kings they were gods on earth.

Religion

They are polytheistic, they had offerings and sacrifices to their god. They observed the monuments of the astray bodies, the sun, moon, and Venus. They had kings that were in charge of everything including the religion. If e king said they were polytheistic then they were polytheistic.

Writing

They developed a writing system but a full- fledged wrtiting system was not used until near the time of Christ. Traces were found indicating steps toward developing a script that can be seen in monuments from La Venta. The script was called epi-Olmec, which was deciphered by two american scholars, jphn

Government

Scholars say it was successful farming that led to a government run by a ruling olite. In earlier times, small

Groups of several families had owned and farmed the land communally. Families gained control from owning the best farmlands and rulers and priest emerged.

Technology

Their written. Language based off of hieroglyphs helped them send more information to others. They also developed a calendar which they were the first mesoamericans to do so. They developed a complex drainage system which allowed them to survive throughout he years.

Bibliography



"Mesopotamian Social Structure." Mesopotamian Social Structure. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.


"Mesoamerican History." Mesoamerican History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.


"Mesoamerican Religions." Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.


"Mayan Human Sacrifice." Temple of Theola. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.


"Aztec Crops and Farming." The Aztec History and Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.

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Analysis

They were civilizations in America. Even though they were isolated from the rest of the world they were able to survive and thrive. With complex technology, cities, and farming techniques. They were big on power and gods. The better the farmland that the family had the higher up that they were. They developed a calendar, a complex drainage system, and agricultural techniques such as the, slash and burn farming, technique. They shaped much of central and South American culture. These civilizations were so big that they had an impact on culture and history up to this day.