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Science: Heat and Energy
S3P1. Students will investigate how heat is produced and the effects of heating and cooling,
and will understand a change in temperature indicates a change in heat.
a. Categorize ways to produce heat energy such as burning, rubbing (friction), and
mixing one thing with another.
b. Investigate how insulation affects heating and cooling.
c. Investigate the transfer of heat energy from the sun to various materials.
d. Use thermometers to measure the changes in temperatures of water samples (hot,
warm, cold) over time.
Major rivers and mountains in the U.S.A
Franklin D Roosevelt
Review: Branches of Government
SS3H2 The student will discuss the lives of Americans who expanded people’s
rights and freedoms in a democracy.
a. Paul Revere (independence), Frederick Douglass (civil rights), Susan B. Anthony
(women’s rights), Mary McLeod Bethune (education), Franklin D. Roosevelt
(New Deal and World War II), Eleanor Roosevelt (United Nations and human
rights), Thurgood Marshall (civil rights), Lyndon B. Johnson (Great Society and
voting rights), and César Chávez (workers’ rights).
b. Explain social barriers, restrictions, and obstacles that these historical figures had
to overcome and describe how they overcame them.
SS3G1 The student will locate major topographical features.
a. Identify major rivers of the United States of America: Mississippi, Ohio, Rio
Grande, Colorado, Hudson.
b. Identify major mountain ranges of the United States of America: Appalachian,
c. Locate the Equator, Prime Meridian, and lines of latitude and longitude on a
d. Locate Greece on a world map.
SS3E1 The student will describe the four types of productive resources:
a. Natural (land)
b. Human (labor)
c. Capital (capital goods)
d. Entrepreneurship (used to create goods and services)
SS3E2 The student will explain that governments provide certain types of goods
and services in a market economy, and pay for these through taxes and will describe
services such as schools, libraries, roads, police/fire protection, and military.
SS3E3 The student will give examples of interdependence and trade and will
explain how voluntary exchange benefits both parties.
a. Describe the interdependence of consumers and producers of goods and services.
b. Describe how goods and services are allocated by price in the marketplace.
c. Explain that some things are made locally, some elsewhere in the country, and
some in other countries.
d. Explain that most countries create their own currency for use as money.
SS3E4 The student will describe the costs and benefits of personal spending and
Review: Branches and Level of Government
SS3CG1 The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that provide
the foundation of a republican form of government.
a. Explain why in the United States there is a separation of power between branches
of government and levels of government.
b. Name the three levels of government (national, state, local) and the three branches
in each (executive, legislative, judicial), including the names of the legislative
branch (Congress, General Assembly, county commission or city council).
c. State an example of the responsibilities of each level and branch of government.