Tectonic Plates

By Ethan Elder

Divergent Plates

Divergent plates occur when two plates continental or oceanic pull away from each other causing giant rift valleys if its with two continental plates, or sea floor spreading if its two oceanic plates, which is magma seeping through the holes in the open crust which cools due to the the water and creates new crust (newer crust can be found at the rift and older crust is farther away from the rift).

Convergent Boundary

A Convergent boundary is when two plates meet and collide with one another. There are two types of convergent boundaries, the first is when two continental crust collide and form mountain ranges (this is regular convergence), while convergence with an oceanic plate and continental plate causes the oceanic plate to go under the continental plate causing a process called subduction which causes the oceanic plate to get melted inside the mantle and creates trenches and volcanoes.
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Transform Boundaries

A Transform boundaries is when is two plates are sliding past each other in opposite directions and slowly move past each or don't move, but are building up energy and eventually one cannot hold out and will slide past the other in a quick motion that releases the pent up energy causing earthquakes.
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