Binge Eating Disorder
Kylie, Madelyn and Hunter A-1
What is Binge Eating?
Eating much more food than most people would in the same situation.
It must be regular and the instances must occur at least once a week for three months.
Feeling that eating is out of control during a binge by either the inability to keep from starting to eat or the inability to stop eating once a binge eating episode has begun.
Binge eating instances include three or more of the following:
Eating extremely fast
Eating beyond feeling full
Eating large amounts of food when not hungry
Eating alone to hide how much one is eating
Feeling terrible after a binge
Being ashamed of the eating binges
Adults with B.E.D. don't fix their excessive eating with extreme actions like throwing up or over-exercising.
- Low Self Esteem
- Feeling stressed, angry, bored, or lonely
- Dissatisfaction with your body
- Stressful or traumatic past events
- Familial history of similar eating disorder
Most common eating disorder in the US, affecting 1-5% of the general population
Affects 3.5% of women, 2% of men, and 1.6% of adolescents.
Women are affected more than men. 60% with the disorder are female, 40% of them are male.
It usually occurs in early adulthood for women and midlife for men.
It can occur in overweight, normal weight, and obese people.
Affects people of all demographics across various cultures.
Three surveys of U.S. adults found that 1.4% were white, 2.1% are Latino, 1.2% are asian, 1.5% are African American.
The goal of treatment for binge eating disorder is to help the individual gain control over their eating behavior
- Individual counseling that focuses on changing thinking (cognitive therapy) and behavior (behavioral therapy)
- Changing the way an individual responds to food-related situations
- Developing a healthy attitude towards food and weight
- Also used to treat ADHD
- Helps reduce the number of binge eating episodes
- Topiramate (Topamax)
- Anti-seizure drug
- Nutrition counseling
- Teach the importance of a balanced diet
- Help restore normal eating patterns
- Group and/or family counseling
- Educate families on how to recognize symptoms of eating disorder
Related Case Study
A psychological case study conducted by Arch Gen Psychiatry evaluated a community to determine risk factors for binge eating disorder
- Research method: Case study — compare women suffering from various psychological disorders such as binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa to determine risk factors
- Conclusion: Binge eating disorder appears to be associated with exposure to risk factors for psychiatric disorder and for obesity
- Risk factors
- Childhood experiences
- Parental depression
- Vulnerability to obesity
- Repeated exposure to negative comments about shape, weight, and eating
Biological Level of Analysis
Cognitive Level of Analysis
The CLOA investigates how mental processes interpret information from the outside world
- The third principle of the cognitive level of analysis states that social and cultural factors affect cognitive processes
- Cultural influence heavily affects the way in which individuals think about their bodies
- Western culture promotes fat-shaming and glorifies thinness
- At the CLOA, it becomes evident how external influence can guide thoughts
- Eating disorders are psychological disorders
- Binging tendencies are often rooted in poor body image, use of food to deal with stress, low self-esteem and dysfunctional thoughts
Sociocultural of Analysis
National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. (n.d.). Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/binge-eating-disorder/
Risk Factors for Binge Eating Disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=203880&resultclick=1