Latin American Leaders

Bor Jean Jaques Dessaline

Born in 1758 In africa

October 17, 1806 he was an emperor of Haiti

helped Haiti gain their independence


In 1791, a slave rebellion broke out in Sant-Domingue and Dessalines was able to escape the plantation and join rising rebel leader Toussaint L'Ouverture.


Slavery was very harsh in Haiti so they wanted their independence so that slavery could be abolished


In 1793, the French Republic declared an end to slavery in France and all colonies


By 1801, L’Ouverture was serving as governor-general of Haiti


In 1804, Dessalines proclaimed independence and in 1805 declared himself emperor. Haiti became the first black independent republic in the world.


Dessalines’ coalition of blacks and mulattos were successful in forcing the French to surrender and leave the island.


commanded rebel forces against the French.


sided with french then turned on them


The day of his death, October 17, is a national holiday in Haiti. Dessalines's legacy is embodied in Haiti's national anthem, "La Dessalinienne."


peninsularas


Pedro I-Brazil (Dom Pedro)

Pedro was born on Oct. 12, 1798, at the Queluz Palace in Lisbon,

He was the son of the prince regent of Portugal (later João VI) and his wife, Carlota Joaquina, the daughter of the Spanish Bourbon king Charles IV

Died: September 24,1834

he helped Brazil gain independence


Why: Recognizing the independence sentiments in Brazil, and observing what was occurring in the Spanish colonies of the New world, the King advised his son to declare Brazil independent and take the throne for himself rather than allow an adventurer to take over the country.


In 1823 Pedro I called a constituent assembly to formulate a constitution but dissolved the body later that year.


He signed a peace treaty of peace with Portugal which left unresolved some basic issues concerning future relations between the two countries.


He promulgated a constitution on March 24, 1824, which remained Brazil's charter until 1889.


Independence day: September 7 The carnival is held the whole day where people of all ages take part and have a gala of a time. In the evening people gather to see amazing fireworks in the clear sky, above the blue-black Amazon.


When the Portuguese Cortês (Parliament), preferring colonial status for Brazil, demanded that Pedro return to Lisbon to “complete his political education,” he issued a declaration of Brazilian independence on Sept. 7, 1822. Within three months he was crowned emperor.


Pedro dismissed Jorge Avilez, who had instigated armed riots in response to Pedro’s announcement, ordering him and his soldiers back to Portugal.