By Gary Jensen and Jordan Craft
What is Xenotransplantation ?
Why is Xenotransplantation used ?
- Organ transplants – replacing diseased organs, such as hearts, lungs, livers, pancreases and kidneys.
- Cell transplants – replacing damaged or destroyed cells in diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
- Tissue transplants – skin grafts, cornea transplants or bone transplants.
- Bridging transplants – providing organ function externally to patients with organ failure.
Animals whose organs you can use for Xenotransplantation
We can use pig hearts, kidney, etc to replace bad or dead human organs. Rejections aren't uncommon in xeno surgery or after surgery (regards to all animals that can be xeno donors).
We can use cow corneas , etc to fulfill human needs. Cows are better for tissue transplants but in a last ditch effort you could resort to using cow organs for surgery but results will probably be poor.Cows organs would also be far too big for children and most adults.
Xeno surgeons are working to try to get monkeys in the xenotransplantation conversation.There body is most human like so it could benifit people who have gone throught serious diseases/burns/accidents.
Who Invented Xenotransplatation and When Did He Invent It?
Keith Reemtsma, a surgeon at Tulane University in New Orleans, transplants thirteen chimpanzee kidneys into humans. Twelve of the patients survive between nine and sixty days. One patient, however, survives for nine months on primitive immunosuppression drugs with no signs of rejection, in 1963-64.