Nonfiction Literary Terms

IDEA

1. Objective

not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts
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E: Like a judge on in a courtroom.


A: I was objective when it came to trying out for cheer after my cousin had done it all of her high school years.

2. Subjective

based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions

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E: when you go off of a persons opinion


A: If I ask my friends about a dress I want to buy, I will probably get different subjective opinions.

3. Bias

prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another.
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E: Stereotyping is an example of biasing.


A: I have heard that I was the best cheerleader, but i think their opinion is bias.

4. Credible / Valid

believable / having a sound basis in logic or fact
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E: confidence is an example of this.


A: I am credible because I am confident.

5. Counterargument

argument or reasoning put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument
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E: transition


A: The presidential candidates had an outstanding Counterargument.

6. Fallacy

a mistaken belief, esp. one based on unsound argument
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E: misunderstanding


A: I fallacy when I heard my mom tell me to do something before she left the house.

7. Tone

the general attitude of a piece of writing
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E: "You will get good grades like in the previous exams!”


A: If you keep a good tone and a good perspective you will do fine!

8. Theme

an idea that pervades a work of literature
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E: "Money can't buy happiness."


A: The theme of the story is to always stay cool and calm.

9. Point of view

a particular attitude or way of considering a matter
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E: an example of point of view is "I".


A: From my point of view, it looked like he hit Marco first.

10. Emotional Appeal

attempt to persuade the reader through and appeal to emotions,

morals, or values

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E: when families hold a a "will work for food" or a "please help" sign is an example of emotional appeal.


A: The expresion on the little girls face had a ver negative emotional appeal.

11. Logical appeal

attempt to persuade the reader based on statistics and facts;

reasoning

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E: persuasion


A: If you really think a project will work and no one else does you need to make the most logical appeal you can to make them agree.

12. Rhetorical Question

asked in order to produce an effect or to make a statement rather than to elicit

information

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E: when you say something and don't interlay mean it.


A: Rhetorical Question is not always being 100% serious.