Survival of the Smartest
Using First Aid to survive on a tropical island.
First Aid is crucial in certain situations.
First Aid is the first care a person gets before more help arrives. The use of first aid could determine the lives of you and your companions. It is very important to have knowledge on this topic, no matter what the circumstance.
First Aid Kits
Something standard for travel is a first aid kit. A first aid kit holds the bare essentials for helping people. Many medical items are often inside of these, but just enough to make it not take up too much space. Some basic items include Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen, Allergy medicine, Antibiotic ointment, bandages, hand sanitizer, and tweezers to name a few. IF you don't have one, it's not the end of the world. There are still other ways to help if you do not have one.
Finding an Injured Person in the Wild
There are many safety precautions to take when finding someone injured on a tropical island. Your first step would be to check the surroundings. Make sure there is nothing dangerous surrounding the person that could result in you becoming injured as well. One hurt person is always better than two. Next, you would call for help from your fellow survivors. Try to find what is wrong with the victim by examining his body. Also ask the victim questions if responsive. This may lead you to finding out what to do.
If the person is in shock:
The victim would be afraid, confused, weak, and thirsty with pale skin and heavy breathing. To treat this you would put the victim on their back and raise their legs slightly. Also do your best efforts to warm up the victim.
If the person is bleeding a lot:
They require immediate action. Make sure to apply pressure tot he wound itself. Try not to touch it with your skin, due to possible viruses. Instead try to apply pressure with an article of clothing or something along the lines of it.
If the person is poisoned:
On a tropical island poison would most likely be injected or absorbed into the skin. Injected poisons come from stings or bites from wildlife. For stings, remove the stinger if it remains and apply cold water. For bites remove the creature that bit the skin. For more serious bites from creatures such as snakes cut off circulation from the area by applying pressure. For absorbed poisons try to strip the individual and flush the skin with water for 10 minutes.
If the person is burned:
Their treatment depends on the severity of the burn. A person with a first degree burn (slight reddening of skin) needs ice or cold water applied to the burn. A person with a second degree burn (damage of skin) needs the same treatment, but with more cold water. A third degree burn (damage to deep skin layers) will most likely be unable to heal.
CPR is a very important technique in first aid. It is used for victims that have stopped breathing or a stopped heartbeat. To perform CPR you would need to ask if they are alright first. If they say no or don't respond at all, CPR is needed. To do CPR you would need to kneel down beside the victim, expose their chest, and apply compressions by pushing down about 2 inches at a time at a rate of about 100 beats per minute. Next you would have to clear the airways by tilting the persons neck back, checking for breathing, then applying mouth to mouth, two breaths at a time. Repeat this process until the victims heartbeat/breathing begins again.
And there you have it!
These were the basics of First Aid.