Classifying the Colonies

Activity 2- Gabi Siewczynski

Jamestown

  • Known as the first settled British North American colony in the New World settled in 1607.
  • The Virginia Company was the joint stock company that was responsible for the founding of this colony.
  • Jamestown was settled in a swamp land area that caused many problems for the new settlers including Malaria.
  • Jamestown had a rough start due to the death of so many of its settlers because of problems such as starvation that resulted from the English being insufficient.
  • Captain John Smith was able to save the colony from failing early on by organizing the men.
  • The colony was also able to continue to exist thanks to the somewhat peaceful existence with the Powhatan people who served some help.
  • Virginia Company's director's did not supply the colony much direction, so there was a need for leadership in the colony, and Lord De La Warr became the new governor.
  • The first Anglo Powhattan War resulted from the cultural clashes that got worse between the Indians and settlers resulted in Jamestown.
  • Tobacco grew like weeds in the Chesapeake region due to its climate, and saved Jamestown by becoming their principle export.
  • Jamestown was the first colony to grow tobacco. This was because John Rolfe was the first to introduce the cash crop and did so in Jamestown.


Massachusetts Bay

  • Was established in the early 17th century by the Puritians.
  • The Great Migration which occurred from 1620-1650 was the time that brought almost 20,000 settlers to Massachusetts Bay.
  • The Non Separatists Puritans were Puritans who originally felt they could successfully reform the Church of England and ought to remain in England.
  • The Puritans who had believed they would be able to improve the church from the inside later decided to migrate to the New World because of what the Church was becoming.
  • King Charles I was who chartered the settlers to form the Massachusetts Bay Company.
  • The initial experience the Massachusetts colonist had was a smoother experience than that of the Jamestown settlers.
  • What made the experience more successful was that those who were settling in the colony were much more prepared to begin a colony, there were constant settlers being replenished as well as supplied, and the colony was truly growing.
  • The Bay Company made the most of its forest and water resources because they found the soil was not very favorable to a farming lifestyle.
  • The Company had what looked like a practical democracy government that was based on the relationship between the freemen who voted and the clergy men.
  • John Winthrop was the first governor of the colony who was able to serve for a decade, and wanted to create a society that would be a looked at as a model for everyone.


Pennsylvania

  • The colony itself belonged to and was established by an Englishman William Penn, who strongly believed one's religion should involve a personal relationship with God.
  • When Pennsylvania was first trying to be established by Penn Dutch, Swedish, and English squatters were occupying the land that he planned to make a Quaker refuge.
  • An assemble of land owners of the colony, known as freemen, were elected to form an assembly that kept the colony in order and made it somewhat liberal.
  • A main goal the colony had was to have harmony among the settlers in their daily life, while the government and Quaker principles worked to flow together.
  • There were no restrictions on immigration into the colony which made it very attractive to a mix of ethnic groups. This different groups were made up of mostly religious "misfits" because of the religious freedom appeal Pennsylvania had.

Maryland

  • A Catholic colony is what was expected from Lord Baltimore, but a mix of Catholic and Protestant settlers were who found themselves in this colony that was becoming tolerant to Christians that were not Catholic.
  • The colony's main purpose was to shelter and protect the Catholics, and so many chose to live in Maryland compared to other colonies. Their primary reasons for needing to flee had to do with the discrimination they were getting as Roman Catholics. An example of this discrimination is, most couples could not be legally married at the time by a Catholic priest because the Roman Catholics were being persecuted.
  • Huge estates were provided for Lord Baltimore's English relatives, and because of the hopes for his settlers to maintain their land, the colony was classified early on as under a feudal system.
  • The colony was able to export the crop and discover great success which later lead to slaves being imported in large numbers towards the end of the 17th century.
  • Due to the very large growth of Protestants compared to Catholics, the Catholics began to fear pressure like what they had in fear in England. The restrictions that soon arose on the Catholics put emphasis on the policy to be a believer in Jesus Christ.

Georgia


  • The founders of the colony wished to populate the colony with industrious farmers. But it did not go as well as they hoped because of their adjustments to the colony that caused the settlers to want to find ways around their founders restrictions.
  • The philanthropists abandoned their responsibility of maintaining the colony which later caused the Georgia to become a royal colony.
  • Financial support was provided from England because the colony served to protect against the Spaniards as well as a place unwanted people from England were taken to. This was the only colony that received support from England
  • Growth at the end of the colonial era was the slowest in Georgia. This was because of factors including a poor climate for their plantation economy, the beginning restrictions on black slaves, and the results from the Spanish attacks.
  • Founded in 1733, the colony was the last of the thirteen colonies to be formed.