Energy

Made By: Brittany J. Tenorio

Australia

Natural Resources

Coal

- Australia has about 24 million coal reserves and is used to generate electricity. It also provides 85% of Australia's electricity.

- About 54% of the coal mined in Australia is exported.

- Coal Mining in Australia releases carbon dioxide, which contributes to climate change and effects of global warming. In order to improve the effects of coal mining,they could reduce emissions trading, which controls the emissions of pollutants.

- Australia uses Wind Power as an alternative source for coal. About 23% of that renewable resource provides electricity.

- China is the worst in coal mining because 89% of its electricity comes from coal. On the other hand, Columbia only uses 75%.


Natural Gas

- Natural Gas is consumed in cubic meters (cu m). Australia consumes 27.56 billion cu m of natural gas.

- Australia exports 25.53 billion cu m and imports 8.102 billion cu m of natural gas.

- Natural Gas is an important source of energy. It reduces pollution and maintains a clean and healthy environment. It offers a number of environmental benefits over other sources of energy like fossil fuels; Australia doesn't have to change anything about their consumption of natural gas.

- Australia produces 44.99 billion cu m of natural gas. Russia is the worst for the production of natural gas. They produce 669.6 billion cu m of natural gas. On the other hand, Bulgaria produces much less than that. They only produce 68,000 cu m of natural gas.


Uranium

- Australia uses 31% of uranium for electricity.

- Australia exports 14,000 tonnes of uranium.

- When Australia exports uranium, they use fuel nuclear power stations which help avoid greenhouse gases that would be emitted each year by fossil fueled power stations. So Australia wouldn't need any change.

- Australia produces 11% of uranium. Kazakhstan is the worst in production, producing 36% of uranium from mines. On the other hand, Canada produces less than Kazakhstan, producing about 17%.


Madagascar

Natural Resources

Chromite

- Madagascar uses about 50% of chromite.

- They produce 49% of chromite and lumpy ore, which is 42% chromite.

- Madagascar exports about 92,000 t of chromite.

- Production fell because of the weakness in the market for stainless steel.




Switzerland

Natural Resources

Hydro Power

- There are 556 hydro power plants in Switzerland. It provides 59% of their electric supply.

- It is Switzerland's most important source of renewable energy, which produces no carbon dioxide emissions and is environmentally friendly.

- Countries that have an abundance of rivers and lakes can have a problem with their hydro power plants. The dams have a serious impact on the whole river system. As river levels have fallen, the temperature of the water in them has risen, causing many fish to die.


Timber

- One-third of Switzerland is covered by forest. Every year, more than 10 million cu m of wood is grown.

- Only half of the timber is utilized and because of the economic situation, it is no longer possible to manage forests in a profit making way. Instead, the timber could be used as a renewable resource, which could further help the climate change.




Sources

"The World Factbook." CIA.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2111.html>
"The World Factbook." CIA.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html>


"The World Factbook." CIA.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html>
"The World Factbook." CIA.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html>