Phillip II

The King of Spain

Absolutism

Government controlled by a king or queen who has unrestricted power and rules from divine right (right to rule comes from God). Ruler inherited the throne.

Philip II

- Born on May 21, 1527

- Died on September 13, 1598

- Philip II became king of Spain in January 1556

- Son of Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V

- Governed Spain during its Golden Age

- Got married 4 times

Positives of Philip II

- Spain became the richest nation in the world under his rule

- Defended Catholicism

- Conquered Portugal

- Joined Holy League and ended Turkish dominion over the Mediterranean

- Began settlements in Philippines

- Established Pacific trade route between America and Asia

- Increased importation of important metals from Americas