Will Canada Be The Greatest Country To Live In Come 2035?
The Future Holds......
Current Trends to Future
1. Education of Women
- women are now pursuing more job and educational opportunities
- women are more knowledgeable and smarter
- this causes the lack of time for raising children
- as education for women increases it decreases the fertility rate2. Industrial Revolution
- started 1760 in England
- new manufacturing and starting to advance to technology
- by 1890 most of Western Europe and all of North America, experienced an exponential
growth in population
3. Green Revolution
- began during 1940s-1960s
- the use of machines and fertilizer increased crop yields
- better crops would mean better food = better nutrition
- better nutrition = longer life
4. Agricultural Revolution
- people moved to urban areas
- settlements are located near good, fertile soil
- occurred during the 18th century and end of 19th century
- health care got better
- longer lifespan
- infant mortality rate very low
- no need for more children to fill in others
- death rate low
FNMI (First Nations, Metis, Intuit): The First Nations are only 2.6% of the total Canadian population and Metis with 1.4% and finally the Inuits with 0.2% of the Canadian population. This means that only a mere 4.2% of Canada's total population are the FMNI in total. Despite being a low percentage of total population, they are also Canada's youngest population. This is due to their high fertility rate and short life expectancy, survey shows that the FNMI's median age would range from 24-30 (different for each group) while the rest of Canada's non-FNMI population age median are in the 40s. However the FNMI have a lack of self government and treaties are their downnfalls. When the First Nations signed the treaties, they misunderstood most of what was being dealt and they gave away huge amounts of land that their ancestors used to live, and hunt on, as well as losing their rights. Because of that, they are now forced to live on reserves that do not even have enough to sustain and provide many of the FNMI population. Therefore many FNMI people have begun to move to large urban centres and live their in order for a brighter future, and in 2035, most, if not all of the FNMI population would be living in urban.
Canada's population pyramid for 2014.
The growing prediction of Canada's dependency load for each province.
The comparison of Canada's age distribution between First Nations and the rest of Canada's population.
INTERACTIONS IN THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
Where each landform is located in Canada.
The Arctic Lowlands are located up North in Canada with a very cold, and dry climate.
One of the Earth's oldest region.
Physical Features & Climate...
- The Interior Plains
- Innuitian Mountains
- Ocean Currents
- Wind Air Masses
- Nearness to Water
How Will Climate Change Alter Canada's Physical Environment?...
- changes in volcanic activity
- the orbit of Earth around the sun
- solar output
- changes in solar radiation
and ever since the Industrial Revolution, green house gases in the atmosphere has increased at least 10 times of in the solar output of energy. This is mainly caused by human activity and we affect climate change by...
- burning fossil fuels
- changing land for agricultural purposes
- changing land for forestry
This has changed the Earth's climate heavily over the years as the planet starts growing warmer and warmer as more greenhouse gases build up and are trapped in the atmosphere. Canada located near the North, above the equator is going to be one of the countries that will be having a difficult time dealing with it because our country has ice. Global warming means that the hot dry areas would become more hotter and drier and the wet areas would just become more wetter. Ice in Nunavut and on the mountains are all melting all over Canada at a fast pace causing sea levels to rise and this will cause a string of natural disasters. There will be increased amounts of flooding because of the rising sea level and forest fires because of the rising temperatures and dryness will cause dry winds increasing the chance of tornadoes/hurricanes and precipitation/ lightning because of liquids evaporating.
MANAGING CANADA'S RESOURCES & INDUSTRIES
Current & Sustainable Use of Resources...
Issues Canadian Cities Are Facing...
Why Is Urban Sprawl Concerning to Canadian Cities?...
- "Destruction of wildlife habitat”
- "Introduction of non-native invasive plants and animals into natural areas.”
- "Increased human and pet exposure to diseases such as rabies and Lyme disease.”
- " Increased risks of water pollution from oil and gasoline washing off paved surfaces and from pesticides, lawn fertilizers, and other chemicals.”
- " Increased potential for flooding and soil erosion due to impervious surfaces such as concrete or pavement.”
- "Decrease in groundwater for wells and irrigation caused by abundance of impervious surfaces.”
- "Increased risk to life and property from wildfires.”
But not only that we are increasing pollution in the cities we are ruining our health as well, because as we become more car-dependent and surrounded in smog, we are causing the lack of exercise (which leads to poor health) and more asthma (from inhaling the large amount of C02 and other chemicals in pollutants).
Dealing With The Issue Of Urban Sprawl...
- "Smart Growth is characterized by street trees, wide sidewalks, a light rail, bike lanes, and a mix of residential and commercial establishments. High-density development makes this plan more environmentally sustainable."
- "New Urbanism, known as the anti-suburban ideal, makes private homes more public. Houses are closer together, are front-facing, and have porches, which leads to more community interaction. Sidewalks and public transportation decreases dependence on cars."
- "Urban Growth Boundaries are limits drawn around a city to prevent urban sprawl. While boundaries increase density, they also lead to the land inside becoming more expensive."
- “If you are moving, choose a home that is within a 30-minute walk, bike or transit ride from work, school or shopping. If you are not moving, try to get out of your car more and help reduce the many problems associated with being car-dependent.”
- “Learn more about what is going on your community: listen to the radio and read the local newspapers. Most cities in Canada are faced with a range of urban sprawl issues — road expansion, poor transit, new shopping malls and mega-stores, new suburban development, and stresses on existing water and sewage facilities. You can't get involved if you don't know what's going on.”
- “Take your concerns to the next level. Contact your city planning department and convey your concerns and ideas. Talk to your mayor or city councillor about strengthening the best qualities of your city and redirecting plans to build out.”
- Making Connections - Canada's Geography