Subjunctive

By M'Lynn Musgrove

Definition

It is a mood in which a speaker expresses emotion, persuasion, doubt, denial, or disbelief (the three D's) to someone else in order for someone else to act.



Equation

Subject1 and verb1 + que + subject2 and verb2


(Verb 2 is in the subjunctive)

(subject 1 is one of the three Ds, emotion, and persuasion)

How to Conjugate


1. Conjugate in yo from

2. Drop the O

3. Add the ending


Examples:

ER/IR- Comer

  • coma
  • comas
  • coma
  • comamos
  • comáis
  • coman


AR- Cantar

  • cante
  • cantes
  • cante
  • cantemos
  • cantéis
  • canten

Irregular Verbs

Normal Irregular verbs

Tener = tenga (yo form)


Super Irregulars

Examples in yo form

Dar = Dè

Estar = Estè

Ir = Vaya

Saber = Sepa

Ser = Sea

Haber = haya

Stem Changing Verbs

E=i

Pedir= (yo) pida


E= ie

Preferir = (yo) prefiera

· prefiera

· prefieras

· prefiera

· prefiramos (e=i)

· prefiràis (e=i)

· prefieran


O=ue

Dormir= Duerma

· Duerma

· Duermas

· Duerma

· Dumamos (o=u)

· Dumáis (o=u)

· duerman


Car, Gar, Zar, and Ducir


Car = Que

Example: Sacar

· Saque

· Saques

· Saque

· Saquemos

· Saquéis

· Saquen


Gar = Gue

Example: Cargar

· Cargue

· Cargues

· Cargue

· Carguemos

· Carguéis

· Carguen


Zar = Ce

Organizar

· Organice

· Organics

· Organice

· Organicemos

· Organicéis

· Organicen


Ducir = Duzca

Example: Conducir

· Conduzca

· Conduzcas

· Conduzca

· Conduzcamos

· Conduzcais

· Conduzcan