North Vs. South
By: Drew MCAdams
-Northern soil and climate favored smaller farmsteads instead of large plantations.
- Industry was what flourished because of the abundance of natural resources that the south lacked.
- Many large cities such as New York were established.
- By 1860 25% of Northerners lived in urban areas.
- From 1800-1860 the percent of laborers working in agriculture dropped from 70% to 40%.
- Slavery died out and was replaced by immigrants who worked in the cities and factories.
- Easy transportation in the North caused an upswing in the Economy.
- Most Northerners belonged to the Whig/Republican parties. They usually ending up with a career in business, medicine or education.
- Children were more prone to going to school.
- Population 22 million.
- Wanted to keep the country united.
- Produced: farm machinery, flour, meat, whiskey and leather/woolen goods.
- "Average Joe"
- Politics involved the working class. The south made the working class feel like a guide for society.
- Cult of domesticity: Women were viewed as guardians of their children's virtues, house cleaners and consumers.
- Man is breadwinner.
Northern Family Tree
- Family of four that lives in Massachusetts.
- Father: Grant Williams(36), Mother: Katey Williams(34), Son: George(10), Daughter: Catherine(9).
- Grant works as a business man for company that builds factory machines.
- Katey currently is a stay at home mom. In the family she is the guardian of the children's morals. She keeps the house clean and cooks for the family. She guides her children and make sure that they are leading good lives, while her husband makes the money.
- George is too young for job, but he spends most of his time I'm school.
- Catherine is also too young for a job, but instead of going to school, she stays home with her mom to learn how to tend to the house and cook.
- For fun, the parents enjoy literature, spending time with friends and going to plays. Their daughter enjoys playing with her dolls, and their son likes to roam the streets with his friends.
- The fertile soil and the warm climate made the southern region perfect for agriculture.
- The farms were ideal for Cash crops like cotton and Tobacco.
- No need for industrial development.
- 80% of the labor force in the south worked on farms.
- Slavery was tied to the regions culture and economy.
- No big cities.
- Transportation was very difficult, except by water.
- During 1860 the southern economy stalled because the industry was In a boom.
- Literacy rates lower than the north.
- Democratic party.
- Population 9 million.
- Produced: Cotton, sugar, rice and tobacco.
- Rich adopted the code of chivalry.
- Men defend the ladies.
- Most lived on small isolated farms.
- Limited education.
- large population in poverty.
Southern Family Tree
The Ellsworth family:- A family of 5 living in South Carolina.
- Mom: Avery(32), Dad: Jefferson(35), Sons: Robert(10), Peter(7), Daughters: Elizabeth(4).
- Jefferson Ellsworth (dad): Owns a plantation with a large number of slaves that live in a cabin behind his house.
- On his plantation he grows mainly Tobacco and some cotton.
- The wife and children usually do not leave the plantation, although the father is gone a majority of the time.
- During the day, the mother tends to the house. She makes sure that the house is clean and that there is food ready for when her husband gets back from work.
- During the first part of the day, the children stay inside the house and work with their private tutors. Their plantation is miles away from the nearest school, so a private tutor is a better option for them.
- When the tutor leaves the children are tended to by one of Jeffersons trusted slaves. The slave takes care of the children's every need and makes sure they stay happy.
- For fun, the boy learn to hunt with Jefferson. Other than most of their day was spent learning.
- The girls learn how to dance and play the piano. More importantly they are learning to take care of the house.