Deep Sea- Research Guide

By: Nicole Martinez

The Pacific Ocean

You are on the Continent of Australia and you will be exploring the South Pacific Ocean.

Facts about the Deep Sea

  • The Average Salinity is 34-35 PSU.
  • The Average Pressure is 14.5 pounds per square inch.
  • The Average Density is 1.028 kg/m^3
  • The Average Temperature is 3*C

Packing List for Australia

  1. Umbrella
  2. Swim suit
  3. Shoes
  4. Pants
  5. Sunglasses
  6. Sunscreen
  7. Camera
  8. Phone
  9. Binoculars
  10. Goggles
  11. Towels
  12. Laptop
  13. Toiletries
  14. Hat

What Will you See While in the Deep Sea?

1. Mid-Ocean Ridges

2. Abyssal Plains

3. Manta Ray~

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

4. Phytoplankton~

Phylum: Chrysophata

Class: Dinophyceae

5. Coral~

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Anthozoa

6. Anglerfish~

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

7. Eel~

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

All About Science

1. There, strong currents pump nitrogen and phosphate up from the deep sea to fuel vast blooms of algae and other plants. These plankton are eaten by swarms of shrimp-like crustaceans called krill. Because of upwelling nutrients, krill are abundant enough to feed the largest animals on earth, baleen whales, as well as myriad penguins, seals, and seabirds. In fact, despite the harsh conditions, the biomass of Antarctic krill is thought to be greater than that of any other animal on Earth.

2. There are many invasive species in the deep sea. Some invasive species are the Green crab, Killer Algae, Sea Walnut, and the Zebra Mussel.

3. Some resources that come from the deep sea are Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Fish, Seaweed, Minerals( Salt, Sand, Gravel ) and Crude oil.

4. The human impact on the deep sea is Dumping, Pollution, Mining, and Deep Sea Fisheries.

5. There are many things that can be done to protect the ocean. There is an act called 'Environment Protection ( Sea Dumping )' that helps protects the ocean from being polluted from garbage.