By: Alison Monefeldt

Finland Basics

The capital of Finland is Helsinki and the flag is white with a blue cross on it. The blue cross on the Finland flag based of the Scandinavian cross.The blue color represents the blue skies and the thousands of lakes. The white represents the snow in Winter.
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Finland is in Europe and is surrounded by Sweden, Norway, Russia, and Estonia. The major landforms for Finland are the Mountains of Lapland, Aland Islands, and the Gulf of Bothnia. Some of the major landmarks of Finland are the National Museum of Finland, Helsinki Olympic Stadium, Soumenlinna, Seurasaari, Uspenski Cathedral, Mannerheim Museum, Helsinki Cathedral,Turku Castle and so many more. Some of the lakes in Finland are Lake Paijanne, Lake Saimaa, Lake Oulujarvi, Lake Inari, Lake Pielinen, Lake Nasijavri, Lake Mallasvesi, Lake Keitele, Lake Pihlajavesi, Lake Suvasvesi and so many more. I think that because Finland has air pollution from factories, water pollution from industrial waste, agricultural chemicals and habitat loss that threatens wildlife, that Finland is a big manufacturing country that effects the people by breathing dirty air and drinking dirty water.


Finland's government is a Republic and a republic is a type of limited government. Sauli Niinisto is the president of Finland. The president is elected by majority popular vote after 2 rounds if needed for a 6 year term. No birthright citizenship unless at least one parent is a citizen of Finland. There is a dual citizenship that is recognized. The residency requirement for naturalization is 6 years.


Finland is a rich country with a GDP of $272.6 billion. Finland uses Euros for their money. The imports to Finland are food stuffs, petroleum, chemicals, iron, steel, machinery, computers, electronic industry products, textile yarn and fabric, and grains. The exports from Finland are electrical and optical equipment, machinery, transport equipment, paper and pulp, chemicals, basic metals and timber. The life expectancy of Finland is 80.77 years of age. The birth rate of Finland is 10.72 births/1,000 population. The literacy rate of Finland is 100% population. The drinking water source total for Finland is 100% population.


Warm clothes are necessary in the cold seasons and cool clothes are necessary in the warm seasons. The business wear that you will normally see is a suit and tie or something professional. On a normal day you will see people in casual and comfy clothes. The major languages of Finland are Finnish, Swedish, Russian, and other languages. Some of the holidays in Finland are Epiphany, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Independence Day, Christmas, New Years, Mothers Day, Ascension Day, Midsummers Day, All Saints Day, Fathers Day, and Second Day of Christmas. The religions of Finland are Lutheran, Orthodox, other Christian, other and none. The breakfast can consist of bread, coffee, juice, cheese, oatmeal or cereal.


Finland has a typically cold temperature, potentially subartic but compativly mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea and more than 60,000 lakes. Finland has 536 inches of rain yearly. In July: 13-17°C, in February: -22 to -3°C and in the North Finland Winter: -30° to -50°C. The climate doesn't really have an effect on the resources in Finland. Many of the natural resources are not effected by the cool climate.


Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It gained independence in 1917. During World War 2, Finland successfully defended its independence through cooperation with Germany and resisted subsequent invasions by the Soviet Union-albeit with some loss of territory.

Comparing and Contrasting Finland to the United States

The government in Finland is very similar to the the government here in the United States by both countries having a republic which is limited and that both countries have a president as well as three branches in the government. The food in Finland is more fresh than the food in America but there are many foods that both countries eat fish, vegetables,and bread. The government in Finland is the same by there being a president and there being three branches of government. Government in Finland is different by having a different type of limited government because Finland is a republic and we are a democracy and the representatives are different people. Food in Finland is more fresh than the food is here in the U.S. People here in the U.S. normally eat precooked food. The food in Finland is typically eaten as one course meals while people in the U.S. normally eat how much food we want, whenever we want to.