Water Pollution in Ghana

Help The Ghanans Today!

What Are the Problems?

Water pollution, as well as water-borne diseases in the polluted water are some of the problems in Ghana and their population. The water that the population has access to is polluted with human waste, as well as water-borne diseases such as bacterial and protozoal diarrhea and typhoid fever¹.

¹A serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and the formation of ulcers.


While Ghana is rich in natural resources such as gold, silver, and limestone, and it is home to many rivers and a large lake called Lake Volta, Ghana still has limited access to this water because most of it is not safe to drink.

What are the Causes?

The main causes of water pollution in Ghana are human activities in the environment. These human activities are separated into two groups: direct and indirect contaminant sources.

Direct sources include discharge runoff from factories, refineries, and waste treatment plants etc. that emit fluids into the urban water supplies in Ghana.

Indirect sources include contaminants that enter the water supply from groundwater systems and from rain water. Soils and ground waters contain the residue of fertilizers, pesticides, etc. and improperly disposed of industrial wastes. Atmospheric contaminants are derived gaseous emissions from automobiles, factories and even bakeries.

Who is Affected?

Although nationally 80% of the population in Africa has access to safe water, this masks inequalities between rural and urban areas. In Ghana's rural areas, nearly 90% of the population has little to no access to safe drinking water. In turn, the polluted water becomes a breeding ground for waterborne diseases. And not only are the people affected; so are the animals! The polluted water affects the aquatic life in the polluted rivers, streams, and lakes by killing the food that the aquatic animals eat. So every one, young and old, animal or human, is affected immensely.

How Can It Be Solved?

There are many ways to how this problem can be solved; some are very simple. One way is that before raw sewage is discharged, it should be treated by the waste treatment plants. Another way is to provide trash bins to decrease the amount of trash that goes into the water supply. Also, spring boxes could be made to filter the contaminated water. Sadly, the resources and skill to building these spring boxes and providing the trash bins are limited. So, we need your help. We are looking for volunteers to help us build these spring boxes and teach the Ghanan people the importance of water safety. The Rohde Foundation has agreed to fund this project, but we still need people!

SOP Foundation

The Save our People Foundation has been helping Ghanans for over a decade with water pollution problems, and this non-profit organization needs more helping hands. Please contact us at our website sopfoundation.org to find out more information. We will eagerly await your participation!