The Indian Subcontinent

Created by: Abby Joyce


India is like it's own little continent, and that's why we call it a subcontinent. The countries that surround India are Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, and Myanmar (Burma). The Indian Subcontinent has mountains, regions, and bodies of water. So, if you're visiting India, you might as well go to the surrounding countries to see some more geography!

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India is surrounded by some of the most famous mountains around. As you probably know, Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the world, and it gets taller every year. It's located in the sky-high Himalaya mountain range. They are in the north-eastern tip of India. In the southern tip, the eastern and western Ghats eat the clouds. These are the important mountain ranges in India.


There are three regions of India. The first one is made of plains and Indus and Ganges river. The second is the mountain rim which includes the Hindu Kush mountains and the Himalayas. The last region is the Deccan plateau and the eastern and western Ghats are located in it. A plateau is an area of high level ground. These are the three regions of India.


India has many rivers and is bordered by the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean. On the north eastern side, the Ganges river flows into the Bay of Bengal, whereas on the other side, the mouth of the Indus river goes into the Arabian Sea. In the middle of the subcontinent, the Godvari river is at the upper part of the Deccan plateau. Below the plateau, the Krishna river flows into the same place. These are the amazing bodies of water located in India.

Unique animals

There are many unique animals that are native to India. Most of them are in our zoos today. Some animals include elephants, lions, and the Indian wolf. Many more animals are native to India, but these wild creatures are the ones you're going to learn about.


Stomp, stomp! Rattle, stomp! Elephants walk about India, shaking the land around them. They are the largest animals that walk on land. Two species are traditionally recognized, the African elephant and the Asian elephant. Most elephants are an amazing attraction in our country zoos. They spend up to 16 hours a day gathering leaves, twigs, bamboo, and roots. So, come to India and visit these fascinating animals.


Roar! The king of the jungle has arrived. When they are in a pride, these big cats hunt prey, raise cubs, and defend their territory. The native animals are also an important part in our zoos across the country. Kids love to see them roar, and you could come see them too!

Indian Wolf

Oowwww! Ow Ow Oowww!The Indian wolf joined the party. It it a subspecies of the grey wolf which ranges from Israel to the Indian Subcontinent. The reddish or light brown coloring of the Indian Wolf is part of the reason that many believe it to be a fox when they catch a glimpse of it in the wild. While in India, visit these animals and live in the wild side.

Ancient Sites


Located in modern day Pakistan, Harappa is here. These people planted agricultural crops such as grains and barley. They were very important to the survival of the civilization. Farmers domesticated animals like sheep, goats, and cattle. They also built a protective wall known as citadel to protect the ancient site. Visit the ruins of Harappa when you're in India.


This ancient site is located in the Indus river valley. Trading precious gems and minerals was very crucial to the Mohenjo-darians. They had a nice class system and different types of houses. So while in India, stop by the remains of the ancient site of Mohenjo-daro.

India Today

India was one of the first great civilizations. The two religions in India today are Hinduism and Buddhism.

India Today Video

This is what India is like today. Can't you see the difference? Come visit!

India Today Article

This is what India is like today. Can't you see the difference? Come visit!

Things to do in India

There are so many things to do in India. You can eat the exotic foo, and go see animals on safaris.

Things to do in India Video

Here are a few things to do in India. Come visit!


India has many different kinds of food. One restaurant called Shree Thaker Bhojanalay serves Indian cuisines. Another called Peshawri serves the same delicious food. The Lilat Mumbai has vegetarian, Italian, Mexican, Chinese, Indian, and pizza food. Come visit India and eat the food as hot as a fire.


Kaziranga National Park

Best for: One-horned rhinoceros, tigers, (wild) elephants, wild buffalo, monitor lizards, and water birds like the bar-headed goose, grey-headed lapwing, and spot-billed pelican

Traveler Tips

  • Avoid burnout

  • Watch what you eat and drink

  • Don’t be too precious about your personal space

  • Dress conservatively

  • Watch your feet and hands

  • Remember that Indian time is relative

  • Be prepared for noise

  • Avoid deals that seem too good to be true

  • Stay safe