Substance Abuse

What are stimulants and how are they associated with substance abuse?

What you should know: Stimulants "activate the central nervous system, causing feelings of energy, happiness, and power; a decreased desire for sleep; and a diminished appetite. Cocaine and the amphetamines are the two types of stimulants associated with severe substance use disorders". (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014, p.406).

What are the causes?

Some causes for stimulants to become a substance abuse disorder would include taking a medication like Adderal or Ritalin when you are not prescribed it by a physician. By taking these types of medications without a prescription you may have troubles because of medical history or genetically even if substance abuse runs in the family. Cocaine may cause for one to become reliant on due to how addictive it is and illegal. Caffeine and Nicotine are both highly addictive and even if they may not seem as serious they can still be a problem and cause intoxication and withdrawal.

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Treatments and Options

Biological Treatments: "Medications can help ween individuals off a substance, reduce desire for it, and maintain their use at a controlled level" (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014). Biological treatments is mainly used for those with a substance abuse disorder with cocaine.

Psychosocial Treatments: Behavioral and cognitive techniques, motivational interviewing, relapse prevention, alcoholics anonymous, comparing treatments, and prevention programs are all different types of psychosocial treatments and techniques for substance abuse. These are all available for each type of substance abuse with stimulants, whether it is cocaine or amphetamines, nicotine and caffeine.