Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus amphibius

Classification

Domain Eukarya - Needs to have a nucleus and can be multicellular or singled-celled.

Kingdom Animalia - All animals are multicellular. And it need direct or indirect on other organisms (animals) in order to survive

Phylum Chordata - This animal need to has bilateral symmetry. Which means it has one line of symmetry. The animal also need to have a complete digestive system in the body.

Subphylum Vertebrata - All organisms that are in need to have a complete digestive system (large digestive glands, liver, and pancreas, paired kidneys, ducts to drain waste to exterior) and a bilateral symmetry

Class Mammalia - In the class mammalia, all animals need to have hair during one phase of their lives. They would need to have teeth. And it has to fall out during one phase of their lives.

Order Aritodactyla - All animals in the order Aritodactyla has a certain structure on the foot. Most of the order Aritodactyla have only 2 to 4 toes on each foot. They also give birth to live young. And all live young need to be able to walk within a few hours at birth. And some young are cable of running within 2 to 3 hours of their birth.

Family Hippopatamidae- In the Family Hippopatamidae, they come in two different groups. One group call the Choeropsis liberiensis. They are contain the "smaller hippos" Which weight around 250 kg. But with the Family Hippopatamidae they contain the "bigger hippos" ranging to 3600 kg. they also have to be in a herd. A herd can contain up to 40 animals.

Genus - The only description is that it has to a hippopotamuses

Species - Hippopotamus amphibuis

General Descripition

Height - They can stand between 150 cm and 165 cm tall.

Length - The hippo can grow between 209 and 505 cm in length. This includes the tail. Which can grow to 35 cm.

Weight - The average hippo can weight up to 2200 pounds to 9920 pounds. (1000 to 4500 kilograms)

Color - The hippo has a skin tone of a purple-grayish color when they are born. Then they turn brownish pink when they grow up.

Natural Range - They would most likely to be found in the subtropical and suburban areas of Africa. They can also be found in swampy or watery areas such as Ghana, Nigeria, and Sudan

Diet - The hippopotamus has a diet of tussock grasses, which is grass that grows in a tussock. It looks like the grass blooms out of the dirt. They do not use their teeth to eat, but instead they use their tongue to rip the meal up.

Habitat Description - The hippopotamus has a habitat of a deep, permanent water with grassland and reed beds. More in like swampy areas

Predators - The most common predators are lions, hyenas, and crocodiles. They go for the young birth and eat them first. When a hippo grows to an adult, they more likely not be be attacked

Behavorial Adaptations

The hippo are excellent swimmers and divers. The can hold their breath for about five minutes at a time. This always the hippo to escape easily through predators. This also allows the hippo to hunt and escape predators easier. Males are general bigger than females. And they also have bigger teeth and jaws. So the males are the ones protecting his family from lions and hyenas. It is not the big teeth that are important. It is the instinct that the hippos have when they see a predator. They will react like it was to threaten. To stop predators from coming into their territory. The hippo will release dung and urine around their territory. The smell is so terrible that no animal would go near it. This helps them protect his family from predators. The hippopotamus are usually nocturnal. Which means they will rest in the day, and hunt at night. This help the hippo find it's food. The hippo will travel in a herd. The hippopotamus's herd can contain 20-100 other animals or hippos. They helps them scare off predators.

Physical Adaptations

One of the hippos adaptations is the big teeth. This helps them scare away predators that the hippo may across, such as lions. The hippos jaw can almost open up to a 180 degrees. Also the teeth can grow up to 50 cm (1.6 feet). The hippo also a a thin layer of hair. They allows they to fit more fat into the body. To help them keep warm. The hippo usually spends most of its time in water. But for it to do that. The eyes ears, and nose need to be high up the face. And that is exactly how the hippo's face is form. This helps them see, hear, and breath in the water. The hippopotamus has a thick layer of fat. This helps them keep warm through the coldest times. The hippo lays on the shoreline not only to get warm. But to get form an oily red substance. The helps them fight off germs on their skin.

Reference

Burton, M. (2002). Hippopotamus. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol. 9, pp. 1192-1195). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.


Common hippopotamus. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://eol.org/pages/311532/overview


Hippopotamus. (n.d.). Retrieved from Animal Planet website: http://www.animalplanet.com/wild-animals/hippopotamus/


Hippopotamus. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Hippopotamus

mason, k. 2013. "Hippopotamus amphibius" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Hippopotamus_amphibius/