Bill of rights
by: Stephanie Heredia block:2
bill of rights
protects citizens of the united states. you dont have to be wealthy or powerful. the bill of rights protects all citizens, even you
court case- american civil liberties union
second amendment-the right to bear arms
to protect the country, citizens sometimes must serve as soilders also have a right to protect themselves. the government cant stop people from owning guns.
court case- bill of rights
some people believe guns are so dangerous that they should be banned. others believe that guns are the best protection against criminals. the supreme court the highiest court in the united states stepped into argument. the supreme court ruled that people could keep guns for self defense.
third amendment-the privacy in home
soliders cant barge in and demand to live in your house and eat your food with out an warrant and even with that they need your permission
court case- american civil war
the third amendment is one of the least ambiguous amendments in the bill of rights. its intended purpose was to put to rest any fears that the strong federal government created by the constitution would become tyrannical, as the founding fathers felt the british parliament had become in its dealing with the colonies.
fourth dmendment-unreasonable search and seizure
police cant walk into your house search through your stuff, and take it away first, they need to get a search warrant and for that, they must give a really good reason for the search. they also have to say exactly what there looking for and what they want to search.
court case- madison james
fifth dmendment-double jeopardy, process of laws
for a capital crime, a grand jury has to decided if there is enough evidence to charge you, you can be charged only once for a crime, if you are not found guilty, you cant be tried again in court you dont have to say anything about yourself no one can take your life, freedom, belongings without giving you a fair trial first.
court case- grand jury clause
the first clause of the fifth amendment establishes a defendants right to a hearing by a grand jury.
sixth amendement- the rights of the accused in criminal cases
if your charged with a crime your trial should happen as soon as possible. you shouldnt sit in jail for years waiting for trials, your trials must be held in public it cant be in private, a jury will decide if you are innocent or guilty. the government has to tell you exactly what you are occused of and who is making charges against you
seventh amendment-the right to a jury trial
your crime should fit your crime, you should have to pay too much bail or unreasonable fines. the government cant punish in a cruel way or unusual way.
eight amendment-preventing cruel and unusual punishment
your punishment should fit your crime, you shouldnt have to pay too much bail or unreasonable fines. the government cant punish you in a cruel way
nineth amendment-rights retrained by the people
just because we made this list doesnt mean these are the only rights you have. the government cant take away any rights from people whether theyre mentioned here or not.
tenth amendment-limiting federal powers
what if the constitution doesnt give a certain power to do something? has long as it doesnt say anywhere that the states cant do something then the states have that power.