CRJU145-Justice Information Systems

Week 6 Lecture

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and mapping technology is not a new tool. Dating back to the 1800’s, authorities used mapping to detect and track the source of a cholera outbreak in London that took hundreds of lives. GIS technology is used in a number of applications and this module discusses the adaptation to crime mapping.

GIS aids crime analysis by:

  • Identifying and highlighting suspicious incidents and events that may require further investigation
  • Supporting pattern and trend analysis across multiple jurisdictions
  • Enhancing the implementation of various policing methodologies to reduce overall crime and disorder
  • Integrating traditional and nontraditional law enforcement data to improve overall analysis
  • Educating the public with visual information to clarify crime concerns and enlist community action
  • Providing tools and techniques to capture crime series and forecast future crime occurrences


Mapping Location of Criminal Activity

  • Law Enforcement agencies can track criminal activity and target detection, prevention, and apprehension in these “Hot Spots” of crime.
  • Focusing police resources to these “Hot Spots” can drive crime away from the high crime areas.


Mapping Locations of Criminals

  • Knowing where criminals live can be used to predict the movement of crime.
  • Allows the courts and corrections departments to inform the public


Mapping Location of Resources

  • Keeps track of what law enforcement resources are in which areas, allowing quicker response times to calls for service
  • Informs the public of social service resources to aid offenders in rehabilitation


Strategic Crime Mapping


Physical Features of the Environment
  1. Schools
  2. Bars
  3. Abandoned Buildings
  4. Transportation Outlets
  5. Parks

Social and Economic Indicators
  1. Crime Patterns
  2. Economic Factors
  3. Crime Prevention and Control

Supplemental Resources

In order to access this resource you must click the downloadable PDF links below.


Data-Toting Cops.

By: Mullaney, Tim. Technology Review. Jan/Feb2015, Vol. 118 Issue 1, p61-62. 2p. 1 Grap


National Criminal Justice Reference Service

https://www.ncjrs.gov/html/nij/mapping/178919-4.pdf

Resources

Pattavina. (2005). Information technology and the criminal justice system. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications. Chpt 7 p. 147-65


Anselin, L., Cohen, J., Cook, D., Gorr, W., & Tita, G. (2000). Spatial analysis of crime. In J. Horney (Ed.) Criminal Justice 2000 Washington D.C. U.S. Department of Justice p. 213-62


Pattavina, A., Pierce, G., & Saiz, A. (2002). Urban neighborhood information systems: Crime prevention and control applications. Journal of Urban Technology, 9(2), 37-56