CRJU145-Justice Information Systems
Week 6 Lecture
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and mapping technology is not a new tool. Dating back to the 1800’s, authorities used mapping to detect and track the source of a cholera outbreak in London that took hundreds of lives. GIS technology is used in a number of applications and this module discusses the adaptation to crime mapping.
GIS aids crime analysis by:
- Identifying and highlighting suspicious incidents and events that may require further investigation
- Supporting pattern and trend analysis across multiple jurisdictions
- Enhancing the implementation of various policing methodologies to reduce overall crime and disorder
- Integrating traditional and nontraditional law enforcement data to improve overall analysis
- Educating the public with visual information to clarify crime concerns and enlist community action
- Providing tools and techniques to capture crime series and forecast future crime occurrences
Mapping Location of Criminal Activity
- Law Enforcement agencies can track criminal activity and target detection, prevention, and apprehension in these “Hot Spots” of crime.
- Focusing police resources to these “Hot Spots” can drive crime away from the high crime areas.
Mapping Locations of Criminals
- Knowing where criminals live can be used to predict the movement of crime.
- Allows the courts and corrections departments to inform the public
Mapping Location of Resources
- Keeps track of what law enforcement resources are in which areas, allowing quicker response times to calls for service
- Informs the public of social service resources to aid offenders in rehabilitation
Strategic Crime Mapping
Physical Features of the Environment
- Abandoned Buildings
- Transportation Outlets
Social and Economic Indicators
- Crime Patterns
- Economic Factors
- Crime Prevention and Control
In order to access this resource you must click the downloadable PDF links below.
By: Mullaney, Tim. Technology Review. Jan/Feb2015, Vol. 118 Issue 1, p61-62. 2p. 1 Grap
Pattavina. (2005). Information technology and the criminal justice system. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications. Chpt 7 p. 147-65
Anselin, L., Cohen, J., Cook, D., Gorr, W., & Tita, G. (2000). Spatial analysis of crime. In J. Horney (Ed.) Criminal Justice 2000 Washington D.C. U.S. Department of Justice p. 213-62
Pattavina, A., Pierce, G., & Saiz, A. (2002). Urban neighborhood information systems: Crime prevention and control applications. Journal of Urban Technology, 9(2), 37-56