Figurative language

different types of figurative language

simile

a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.


Example:On page 61.My legs, arms, torso, underarms, and parts of my eyebrows have been stripped of the stuff, leaving me like a plucked bird.

Metaphor

A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise unrelated object.


Example:I'am not pretty.I'am not beautiful.I'am as radiant as the sun.



personification

In writing, personification means giving an inanimate (non-living) object human traits and qualities, such as emotions, desire, sensations, physical gestures and speech.


Example:He struggled up to the surface and tried to cry out, but the wash from the speeding yacht slapped him in the face and the salt water in his open mouth made him gag and strangle.





Hyperbole

Hyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech.


Example:"Tuck your tail in, little duck."I say



alliteration

alliteration is the repetition of a particular sound in the prominent lift (or stressed syllables) of a series of words or phrases.


Example:Desperately he struck out with strong strokes.