By: Majael Tyler

about Brazil

Population: 198,739,269 (2009 estimate)
Capital: Brasilia
Official Name: Federative Republic of Brazil
Important Cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador
Area: 3,287,612 square miles (8,514,877 sq km)
Coastline: 4,655 miles (7,491 km)
Highest Point: Pico da Neblina 9,888 feet (3,014 m)

Federal Republic type of government.

  1. Dilma Rousseff

    Brazil, President

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$2.394 trillion (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 8

$2.374 trillion (2011 est.)

$2.31 trillion (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP - per capita (PPP):

$12,100 (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 106

$12,100 (2011 est.)

$11,900 (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars

geography - note:

largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with every South American country

except Chile and Ecuador

language they speak: Portugese

The Portuguese were the first European settlers to arrive in the area, led by adventurous Pedro Cabral, who began the colonial period in 1500. The Portuguese reportedly found native Indians numbering around seven million. Most tribes were peripatetic, with only limited agriculture and temporary dwellings, although villages often had as many as 5000 inhabitants. Cultural life appears to have been richly developed, although both tribal warfare and cannibalism were ubiquitous. The few remaining traces of Brazil's Indian tribes reveal little of their lifestyle, unlike the evidence from other Andean tribes. Today, fewer than 200,000 of Brazil's indigenous people survive, most of whom inhabit the jungle areas.