Boom to Bust Project
The end of the American Civil War created the first black middle class in America. The African Americans expected this to make them more equal to the whites, but the Plessy vs Ferguson case made it opposite by saying that racial integration was constitutional. At this harsher conditions were created for African Americans, especially in the south where some states wanted to minimize equality between slaves and their descendants. The south gradually became economically depressed, and bug-infested crops reduced the amount of labor needed. As a result of this, many African Americans began to migrate to the north in the millions. The north was considered to have more equality, allowed all adult men to vote at this time, provided better education for African Americans and their kids, and also offered greater job opportunities due to the industrial revolution and WWI. This, also known as the great migration, brought over 7 million African Americans to the North.
He was a very important, influential writer during the Harlem Renaissance. He successfully wrote and published many different literary works like books, poems, plays, essays, and novels. Through his works, he showed his disapproval of racism and unfair treatment of African Americans. He also praised the African American culture and spirituality. The writing of Hughes was influenced by his past life, as well as the music Jazz. When he wrote, he would base the stories off real things that happened to him in order to better portrait what it was really like to be an African American in America, rather than make up unrealistic stories.
Racial Unrest was where over 500,000 African Americans moved to the North, making it harder to get jobs for white men. This competition for jobs created violence between whites and African Americans. There were over 70 African Americans lynched. This is what led to the riot along with a group of whites who drowned a little African American boy.”The riot left 15 whites and 23 Americans dead and more than 500 people injured”. For weeks on end there were black and white gangs roaming the city attacking each other and causing violence to the cities.
Philip Randolph started the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters(BSCP). This was made up of African Americans working on railroads, it struggled at first but started to increase population in the 1930’s. In between the 1940’s and 1950’s, Philip became a great leader of the Civil Rights Movement. He helped give African Americans jobs. He later built the first successful black trade union.