Colonel Henry Bouquet
Meme, Abigail, Brighton, Micah
His Early Life
1 Henry Bouquet was born in 1719 to a respected family of Rolle in the Pays de Vaud, Switzerland. He began his military career at the age of 17. Although 17 may seem early, it was an average age for a young man to be sent to the military in that time. Even though you wouldn’t think he would be very intelligent, because he left his family at such a young age, he was very responsible and kept his studies a priority. In 1756 he earned the rank of Colonel in the British army. Soon afterwards, he was sent to America to investigate the land, and the Natives. Henry Bouquet is a great example of persistence and strength.
1 Donald H. Kent ”Henry Bouquet” Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1991. Web. February 11, 2013
How Henry Joined the Army
Henry Bouquet was a war veteran of the French and Indian War this is story. At age 17, Henry started of military career. In 1753, an organization, the Royal American Regiment sent Henry Bouquet to fight in the French and Indian War. The French had taken over all of Western Pennsylvania. General Forbes and Henry took over the great Fort Duquesne in 1756. He tore down this Fort and rebuilt one and gave it a new name. He named this Fort, Fort Pitt in honor of the prime minister. In October of 1764, Henry led his troops of 1500 men to Ohio to end Pontiacs War to an end. The war was negotiated into a treaty.
Citation: Kent, Donald “Henry Bouquet” Pennsylvania Museum and Historical Commission 1991
What Was Henry Involved In?
Bouquet was massively involved in the French and Indian war; he is in particular most famous for the role he played in the Pontiac’s Rebellion. In autumn of 1764 Colonel Henry Bouquet who was currently the commander of Fort Pitt, guided a force of almost 1,500 militiamen and some regular soldiers into the heart of the Ohio Country where many tribes of Indians lived. On October 13, Bouquet’s army came to the Tuscarawas River. Soon after the Shawnee Indians, the Seneca Indians and the Delaware Indians told Bouquet that they were ready for peace. They told Bouquet that they would let all English captives free if the British would agree to spare their villages. Bouquet originally rejected the Indian’s offer but grew to consider it. One week later Bouquet informed all of the tribes that the English wanted revenge for the tribe’s cruel and gruesome actions. Bouquet told the Natives that he would do his best to restrain the English citizens and soldiers as long as they returned all captives, including all English, French men, women, and children within the next twelve days. The Natives later agreed on all conditions. Bouquet later returned all of the captives to their homes.
Hurt, R. Douglas “Bouquet’s Expedition", Ohio History Central, July 1, 2005
How Boquet Became Colonel
Henry Bouquet started his years as a French soldier at age seventeen. Soon after his new career, he became the lieutenant during the war of Austrian Succession. Even as a newly made soldier, he had skill. And by this, Bouquet caught the admiration of William IV, Prince of Orange and head of the Dutch Republic. The Prince made Bouquet as Lieutenant of colonel of the Swiss Guards at The Hague. Thus, helping The Seven Year War, French and Indian war.
Amanda Wilson, “Henry Bouquet” Bushy Run Battlefield, History, 2010-2013