The American "Truth"

The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown

About the author

John Trumbull was born June 6, 1756 and died on November 10, 1843

He was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War and was notable for his historical paintings. Also, as a soldier in the American Revolutionary War, he participated in the service at Boston by sketching plans of the British works.

Surrender of Lord Cornwallis now lies in the Capitol Rotunda, and is one of the two paintings that John completed on this subject. He painted this version between 1819 and 1820, basing it upon a small painting that he had first envisioned in 1785, when he began to "mediate the subjects of national history, of events of the Revolution." Although he struggled for a time, he had settled upon a composition by 1788

The Bloody Surrender of Cornwallis

The battle of Yorktown was a long one. Our men were weak when our allies showed up and trapped the British. It didn't look like we would win this one, but with the French ambush on our side, the British were dumbfounded. Not too long after the French arrived, the British general, Lord Cornwallis finally surrendered. Waving a white flag, what was left of his men followed him to meet George Washington and the rest of the patriot army. Our men were proud as Cornwallis shamefully surrendered. We lost many men during this revolution, and the surrender of the British general allowed for us to achieve a fleeting victory for our nation.

The True Story of War

On October 19th, 1781, British General Charles Cornwallis surrendered to the French and American forces at Yorktown, VA, finally putting the American Revolution to a halt. Years before, Cornwallis was a very successful Officer, beating General George Washington out of New Jersey and coming out victorious against General Horatio Gates. Washington then got word that Cornwallis and his men had settled in Yorktown, thus Washington knew it was time to take action. Washington reached out to French General Marquis de Lafayette to surround and completely close in Cornwallis. Washington with the help of Count de Rochambeau had planned to execute an attack on Cornwallis whilst enclosed by General Lafayette. Admiral Thomas Graves, Cornwallis' comrade, had head that Cornwallis was going to get attacked but Graves' unit was too weak for Lafayette's line of defense but little did Cornwallis know that his backup plan had been destroyed. By the time a fleet of British soldiers came to aid Cornwallis, it was too late, Cornwallis had already surrendered 7,000 officers and men, 900 seamen, 144 cannons, a frigate, 30 transport ships, and 15 galleys. A year after the Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, peace began to be negotiated and on September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed, formally recognizing the United States as an independent nation.
Big image

Painting Critique

The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown Virginia painting by John Trumbull is geared towards an audience of common people, showing a peaceful surrender of forces. Leading to this surrender was Cornwallis' weakened troops being overtaken by the hoards of American and Franco-American troops as they surrounded Cornwallis in Yorktown. The painting depicts Cornwallis riding upon a horse in-between American troops on one side and British troops on the other side, with men in red coats marching beside him and his horse. On the British side, a large white "surrender" flag flies high with golden tassels hanging from the top of its flag pole, around the flag is a gathering of British troops, some standing and some on horses. On the other side of the painting stands the American troops again, some troops upon horses and others standing with the American flag flying high. On either side of the painting we see a light sky with shades of white and blue and down the middle we see dark, heavy looking clouds.

Big image

The Bloodiest war story known in the entire Universe!

On October 9th General Cornwallis surrendered to the French and American forces due to the great might and arms they had against the British. Cornwallis wrote, “There must've been at least 100,000 men with muskets and cannons, each pointing to each and one of us. We knew that we couldn't go on because if we did, we would have ceased from existence!”.

My worst memory from the entire battle of Yorktown was when I shot a young and fragile looking boy with a musket. His eyes opened wide as he realized what was happening, and soon closed once his life escaped him. The sounds of cannons were deafening, my fellow men were screaming in every direction. The idea of a victory was the only motivation for this battle, I was tired of the killing. Once I saw the hole I shot in that young man’s stomach, I dropped to my knees in disgust. I couldn’t stand to watch the blood seep out of his wound. I kneeled, frozen, unable to move. Fellow patriots were running passed, telling me to get up and continue to fight, but my eyes couldn’t leave what I had done to an innocent man, only protecting his country, just like me. I only managed to avert my eyes when Washington approached me with a humble expression. He held his hand out for me and told me that we had a war to win, and a nation to uphold. I took one last glance at the victim of this bloody battle, and I mustered the strength within myself to get up and continue to fight for the liberty that I, and this fragile man deserved.
Big image

By: Gloria Zhang, Halle Tarvin, Kylie Tweed, & Juan Chavez