Black Panthers

Ezekiel King

Civil Rights

-The civil rights movement was a struggle by African Americans in the mid-1950s to late 1960s

-The movement was supposed to achieve civil rights equal to those of whites, including equal opportunity

- This movement sought to restore to African Americans the rights of citizenship guaranteed by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments

- It changed relations between the federal government and the states

- The federal government was forced many times to enforce its laws and protect the rights of African American citizens.

- The civil rights movement has been called the Second Reconstruction, in reference to the Reconstruction imposed upon the South following the Civil War.

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Black Panthers

The Black Panthers were formed in California in 1966 and they played a short but important part in the civil rights movement. The Black Panthers believed that the non-violent campaign of Martin Luther King had failed and any promised changes to their lifestyle via the 'traditional' civil rights movement, would take too long to be implemented or simply not introduced.

Black Panthers

The ten points of the party platform were:

1) "Freedom; the power to determine the destiny of the Black and oppressed communities.

2) Full Employment; give every person employment or guaranteed income.

3) End to robbery of Black communities; the overdue debt of forty acres and two mules as promised to ex-slaves during the reconstruction period following the emancipation of slavery.

4) Decent housing fit for the shelter of human beings; the land should be made into cooperatives so that the people can build.

5) Education for the people; that teaches the true history of Blacks and their role in present day society.

6) Free health care; health facilities which will develop preventive medical programs.

7) End to police brutality and murder of Black people and other people of color and oppressed people.

8) End to all wars of aggression; the various conflicts which exist stem directly from the United States ruling circle.

9) Freedom for all political prisoners; trials by juries that represent our peers.

10) Land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, peace and community control of modern industry."

How this relates to the Civil Rights Movement

The formation of the Panthers was the direct result of the development of the civil rights movement which had already been in full swing for more than a decade before they were created.