Theology 2

the first semester exam


This year as international student, i was never touched about theology, but i tried to learn and respect it. Also, i learned more knowledge about Catholic or Theology. And now i will show you about what i learned this year. we were learned two books, the mystery of redemption and the church, to believe and follow GOD correctly.


Chapter1- The Original State of Man

  • God is the Creator.
  • God made everything there is, and it was very good.
  • The climax of God’s creation was the making of man and woman . Human beings are different from other creatures in two essential ways. First, we are made in God’s image. Second, we have dominion over the rest of the physical creation.
  • God’s six days of creative activity and the seventh day of rest set a pattern, which was later used for a weekly cycle of work and worship.
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Chapter 1- Original Sin and its Consequences

Adam and Eve lost their state of original holiness and justice for the relationship with GOD. their transgression had consequences for the whole human race. The human mind and will were damaged, and the human intellect became clouded and incapable of fully discerning God's law. The consequences of original sin are physical death of the body, spiritual death (inability to enter heaven), and concupiscence. Self-deception, false religion, cowardice, infidelity, irresponsibility, ignorance, excuse-making, delusion, accusing God of lying, and destruction of the natural world and universe are just a few of the immediate affects stemming from original sin. Later the laundry list of indictments against man would grow even longer, as God drives home to man the fact of just how decrepit he is without God. Original sin was absolutely terrible and it influenced everything adversely. Nothing good came of it despite the rationalizations of some who have either spun the doctrine to make sin appear necessary or beneficent, or have tried to paint a picture of fallen man in a light where his sin was less tragic than it really is. It is with that in mind that we now turn to those indictments against man to better understand the deleterious effect that sin has had upon the human race and why without God’s gracious intervention mankind was doomed to eternal destruction.

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Chapter 3 - The Word Became Flesh

  • to make expiation for sins, reconcile man with god and restore human nature lost by him.

    ---sacrifice was necessary to repair damage caused by sin.
    ---no human could pay the infinite debt for sin, no matter how great the sacrifice
    ---the sacrifice had to be man & God
    ---the redemptive sacrifice was Christ on the cross, which had infinite value and paid for all sins

  • to manifest in infinite depth of god's love

    ---to show all people how much he loves them, his love for us knows no bounds
    ---so that they would serve him out of love, and not fear
    ---so that we could share in his goodness and eternal happiness
    ---suffering revealed love

  • to offer a model of holiness
    ---to offer an example of holiness and show forth the dignity of the human person
    ---to be a source of inspiration
  • to allow people to share n his divine life
  • ---wanted us to experience in his own divine life
  • ---partook in OUR nature so we can partake in HIS
  • ---can share in divine life through power of Holy Spirit
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Chapter 4 - The Paschal Mystery

Paschal Mystery is one of the central concepts of Christian faith relating to the history of salvation. Its main subject is the passion, death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ – the work God the Father sent his Son to accomplish on earth. And The Paschal Mystery is a core doctrine of the Church, one of the essential beliefs of all Christians. Though all doctrines are important, it can also be said that some doctrines define the very heart of the Christian faith. The Paschal Mystery is one of those doctrines, making it similar to the doctrines of the Incarnation and the Trinity. Thus when we help students to understand the meaning of the Paschal Mystery, we give them an essential foundation for their faith. One common description starts by considering the consequences of sin.Another way of describing the Paschal Mystery is centered on the theological concepts of Heaven and hell.A third way of describing the Paschal Mystery focuses on the “what” of the Paschal Mystery—that is, the four events commonly used to describe it: the Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension. and in the last supper, Christ's New Commandment of Love and bread and wine became his Body and Blood. The Holy Eucharist is God's greatest gift to the church and to mankind.

The Paschal Mystery

Chapter 6 - The Theological Virtues

  • Faith ---a gift of God that helps us to believe in him. It is a personal adherence of the whole person to God, who has revealed himself to us through words and actions throughout history. The power to trust God completely and to accept as true all that God has revealed and teaches through the Catholic Church
  • Hope---the confidence that God will always be with us, make us happy now and forever, and help us to live so that we will be with him forever. The power to trust that God will give us eternal life and all the help necessary along the way
  • Charity---a virtue given to us by God that helps us love him above all things and our neighbor as ourselves. The power that enables us to love God.
  • love--- love everyone and GOD, nice to them

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Chapter 7 - Prayer: How we communicate with GOD

  • First of all, Jesus was fervent in prayer and he often called on God in many situations. With Jesus being in constant prayer, it showed that he had a very strong relationship with God and even though he was the Son of God, he still called to God for help.
  • Jesus models for us a life firmly grounded in a relationship with God the Father. He teaches us to pray in the word's of the Lord's Prayer as Our Father. Connect with God and maintain relationship with him.
  • prayer is a dialogue with GOD
Phil Wickham - This Is Amazing Grace


Chapter 5 - The Four Marks of the Church

  • one

    -we believe in one God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

    -we believe in one faith

    -we believe in one baptism

    -we believe we are united in Jesus

  • holy

    -Together with the Father and Holy Spirit and God's grace we too are holy

    -we believe our holiness will increase through our participation in the sacraments

  • catholic

    -membership in Catholic Church is open to all, regardless of race, nationality or culture

    -we especially welcome the poor and disadvantaged

  • Apostolic -the Church was founded on the teachings of Jesus and the apostles

    -we believe the chief teacher of the Church is the Pope

    -Pope, bishops, priests, and deacons help us to understand God's

    -word, celebrate sacraments and serve others

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Chapter 7 - The Last Things

  • Death

Death is the last moment of our earthly existence and the beginning of eternal life.

1. The moment of supreme importance.
2. God had granted to Adam and Eve the gift of bodily immortality but it was conditional on Adam and Eve not sinning and it was forfeited when they did sin.
3. Death is natural to any bodily organism, but in the order of salvation it is a punishment for sin.
4. A Christian may desire death for a proper motivation.

  • Judgement

1.Particular Judgement: Occurs after each person's death

2.General judgement: Occurs at the end of time.

  • Heaven

Heaven is a state of eternal beatitude of complete joy and rest.

1. Those go to heaven who die in the state of grace and have either already satisfied here on earth all the temporal punishment they owe for their sins or those who have completed the satisfaction they owe for them.

  • Hell

A state of eternal punishment of the eternal loss of God and eternal life.

1. It is a mystery why hell exists and how it can be reconciled with God's infinite mercy and love.

2. It is part of the mystery of evil, but it is clearly revealed.

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The second coming of the Lord is called the Parousia, It can also mean "apparition" or "presence" in Greek.

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Saint Faustina Kowalska, The "Great Warning" previous to the Christ's Return, Parousia