A New Era in Texas

Week 21

Sharecropping - A southern Way of Life-Olivia

When the Civil War was over, many former slaves had freedom. But that was all they had. They had no money, and no land. So they became sharecroppers. Sharecroppers are farmers who do not have any land. Instead, they farmed on somebody elses land. Many landowners had slaves before and now needed help farming their land. The landowners also provided the tools, animals and seeds that were needed. This was important because slaves did not have enough money to purchase these items. Sometimes the crops did not grow when the weather was bad or when there were droughts. When this happened, the sharecroppers could not pay the landowners for using their field . They would then get into debt and had to keep working until they paid back the debt. Sharecroppping continued thoughout the south for many years. Eventually Anglo-Americans also used the system to make their living. Because the sharecroppers part of the crop was often very small, many sharecroppers and their fammilies were very poor.

A Slave no More-Noah

A letter written after the Civil War has shed light on a slave-master relationship. Jourdan Anderson was a slave who gained freedom when his family escaped to Ohio from Tennessee. His master Colonel Anderson wrote a letter asking him tro come back. Jourdan said he would come back if his master paid him fully. This would be over $11,000. That would be a lot more back then.

Six Flags over Texas-Sarah

Throughout Texas history, Texas has been home to six different flags. The first flags belonged to Spain. In the 1500s, early Spanish explorers first set foot on the land that is Texas.The next flag was for the French. This flag flew over Texas when Robert de la Salle claimed the land in 1685. By the early 1800s, the Mexican flag was flying over Texas.But when Texas claimed their independence, the Mexican flag came down. The first official flag of the Republic of Texas went up in 1839. When Texas became a state in 1845, it flew the stars and stripe of America. Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 to join the Confederacy. The fifth flag to fly over Texas was the Confederate States of america's flag. In 1870, the US flag once again flew in the Texas skies. In 1961, a man named Angus G. Wynne Jr. had the idea to turn the six flags into something very special. He opened a park named Six Flags over Texas. It has areas devoted to Spain, France, Mexico,Texas, The Confederacy, and the U.S.A. Six flags has been open for 52 years.
Six Flags Great America (Interactive Map!)

Salem Poor-Carly

Salem poor was born as a slave in the 1740 in Massachusetts. He brought freedom, got married and had a son. History has very few details about salem poor, an African American Solider who fought in the Revolutionary War. However 14 officers from the battle of Bunker Hill signed a document presented to the General Court of Massachusetts. It recomended that a solider named Salem Poor be rewarded for hi heroism.

An End to War and Slavery-John Paul

The Civil War had been raging for more than a year when President Abe Lincoln issued a special order called the Emancipation Proclamation, this helped put an end to most slavery in the united states.The Emancipation Proclamation didn't put and end to all slavery though, That didn't happen till 1865 when the 13th Amendment was added to the constitution. But some of the signers new it wasn't perfect. Thats what amendments like the 13th are for. This abolished slavery and indentured servitude in our country.

For slaves in Texas, June 19, 1865, is a day to remember . this is the day that a man named Gordon Granger Announced to texas that the war was over and the slaves were free. This message took about 6 weeks to get around to all slave owners in texas. One year later, on Jun 19, 1866 former Texas slaves came together to celebrate there new lives. Families enjoyed parades, picnics and speeches. African Americans the joyful when they heard the great news. However they had to face many challenges with there freedom. Most e slaves did not have any education. they have never been allowed to go to school before. Most didn't read or write it was difficult to find jobs.Some farmed on their owners land and shared the money they made. Others headed north to find a better place to live. Life would be difficult for many years to come. the Confederacy had lost the war. Texas rejoined the United States on march 30, 1870. the texas Governor and the other state leaders had less power than before.

The Best Day Of my Life

I couldn't believe the news we were free. Mama and I were outside hanging the laundry to dry. Mama was a little girl from Africa, Just then a tall thin man in a union uniform rode up on his horse. He was talking about the war, General Gordon Granger, He was the one who gave us the exciting news the union had won the fight for slavery. We had to meet with Mr. Smith out under the big oak tree he said we could leave right away, Mama said the first thing we are going to do is find papa. Today is the best day of my life.