Uttarakhand Natural Disaster

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Natural causes of the disaster

  • From 14 to 17 July, the state of Uttarakhand and the adjoining areas received heavy rainfall. This was about 375% more than the benchmark rainfall during normal monsoon.
  • A multi day cloudburst centered on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand.
  • This caused the Choraban glaciers to melt and the Mandagini river to erupt which led to heavy floods in Uttarakhand.
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Manmade Causes

  • rampant deforestation
  • slope cutting
  • blasting of rocks
  • hazard disposal of debris
  • riverbank destructions
  • Rapid growth of hydroelectricity dams.

Destructions Caused by the disaster

  • More than 5,700 people were "presumed dead
  • Destruction of bridges and roads
  • 100,000 pilgrims and tourists trapped in the valleys
  • 365 houses destroyed;
  • 275 partially damaged
  • About 70,000 people got stuck
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Steps taken by the government and local communities.

  • The Army, Airforce, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border, Police, Border Security Force, Public Works Department and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations.
  • Prime Minister of India (Man Mohan Singh) undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 1,000 crore aid package for the disaster relief efforts in the state.
  • Several state governments announced financial assistance.
  • Several thousand soldiers were deployed for rescue missions.
  • Helicopters were used to rescue people.
Uttarakhand Flood Disaster Moments Caught in Camera