BioTechnology

Fueling the World

What is Bio-ethanol?

Bio-ethanol is the principal fuel used as substitute for petrol for road transport vehicles. It is mainly produced by the sugar fermentation process of cellulose (starch), which is mostly derived from maize and sugar cane.
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why do we need biofuel anyways?

Energy demand is projected to grow by 50% by 2025, with much of the increase in demand predicted to originate from developing countries. The vast majority of energy is currently derived from fossils fuels, a limited, non-renewable and polluting resource. But bio-fuels have a distinguishable characteristic, they are renewable. Therefore, it is important that bio-fuel becomes a more used source for energy.
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what does bioethanol do?

Bio-ethanol is a good replacement for regular fuels such as gases and oil. It provides as another source of energy for things like energy and transportation. It provides many advantages such as being renewable and reducing greenhouse gases.

how is bioethanol made?

You can use any plant for production of bioethanol, it only has to contain sugar and starch. The best choice is sugar cane, but you can also use potatoes, barley, wheat etc.
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who is leading the research?

Bioethanol is being researched in places around the world because it is a worldwide source. Places such as India and Brazil are leading researchers, but in America, one of the leading research areas is at the University of Washington.

when was bioethanol discovered?

The fermentation of sugar into ethanol is one of the earliest organic reactions that man learned to carry out and the history of man-made ethanol is very long. By findings is china, it seems as Bioethanol has been used for over 9000 years,

Resources

Guide to Biotechnology 2008 "BIO"


Ethanol History- "From Ethanol to Car Fuel"


Energy Research at the University of Washington