The Congo River

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Summary

The Congo river is a long running river that flows through many countries in Africa. It is important to the Communities because it supplies them with many resources.

Congo River Travel Center and Real Estate

Countries

The Congo river flows through eight countries with three Republics. These countries include Zaire, Angola, Rwanda, Burundi, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Gabon, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia.
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Statistics

The Congo river is the second largest river in the world. It is 2,920 miles long, and 5,760 feet above sea level. It is also the deepest river in the world, ranging as deep as 750 feet in some places.

Plants

There are over 11,200 plant species found in and around the Congo river. 30% of these plants are only found in this area. You will not find these plants growing naturally any where else in the world.

Indigenous People

The people of the Congo are called the Bantu. There are 650 languages spoken by the Bantu with 400 different dialects. They elected kings occasinally and had fertile farm land.

They grew bananas and two type of yams. Gold and ivory was traded, they did some gold mining and they were hunters and gatherers.

Animals

The animals that live in the area of the Congo include more than 400 animal species. They are mostly mammals, birds and fish. These include lizards, snakes, hippopotami, hyena, leopards, lions, rhinoceroses, dolphins and whales.

The most abundant type of animal is the fish. There are at least 686 species of fish within the river. 80% of those 686 species of fish aren't found anywhere else in the world. Many of the fish change from habitat to habitat each season. One of the fish species is the elephant fish. This fish is iconic for its long, nose like appendage. Another indiginous species of fish is the lungfish. This fish is able to survive in anoxic (no oxygen) and hypoxic (low oxygen). During dry seasons, this species of fish burrows in the mud and encases itself in mucous. A third species of fish is Bichirs. They are fish of the family Polypteridae have the characteristics of ancient fish, with lobed fins and a hard coating on their scales.

Citations

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