What is Immigration?
Immigration happens when someone moves from their home country to a foreign country to live. Many of these people move from their home countries because of war, persecution, or disasters. These people are called refugees. Some of them stay in the country that they immigrated to, but others return to their country when it becomes safer.
Why do People Immigrate?
Immigrants require the ability to integrate. In order to become part of the new country, they must learn and adapt to the cultures of their new home. Most of them move for new opportunities such as a job or a better life for their children.
Immigration in the United States
In the United States, there have been four waves of immigration. The first, beginning in the 1600s and ending in the late 1700s. The second, started in the 1820s and ended in the early 1870s. The third, which had the greatest amount of immigration, took place from the 1880s to the early 1920s. The fourth, which is still in continuation today, began in 1965.
In 1965, when the fourth wave began, immigration quotas based on nationality were ended. These quotas changed from 170,000 from the eastern hemisphere and 120,000 from the western hemisphere, to a single annual quota of 290,000.
The Immigration Debate
Martin, Philip L. "Immigration." World Book Student. World Book, 2016. Web. 10 May 2016.
ProCon.org. "Illegal Immigration, Population Estimates in the United States, 1969-2014." ProCon.org. 18 Mar. 2016. Web. 10 May. 2016.