5 States of Matter

Poster Assignment

Solid

Solid - is the state of matter in which materials have definite shape and definite volume

Details

1.) Particles in a solid are tightly packed, usually in a regular pattern.

2.) Particles in a solid will vibrates but cannot move past each other.

3.) Solids retain their shape.

Examples

- ice

- wood

- glass

- bricks

- diamond

- cheese

Liquid

Liquid - is a state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape

Details

1.) Liquid is close together with no regular pattern.

2.) Liquid flow can easily move past one another.

3.) Liquid assumes the shape of their containers.

Examples

- water

- milk

- honey

- coffee

- wine

- gasoline

Gases

Gases - is the state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.

Details

1.) Gas particles are well separated with no regular pattern.

2.) Gas particles vibrate and move freely at high speed.

3.) Gases assume the shape of their containers

Examples

- air

- helium

- carbon dioxide

- propane

- Water Vapor

- hydrogen

Plasma

Plasma - is a hot ionized gas consisting of approximately equal numbers of positively charged ions and negatively charged electrons

Details

1.) Plasmas are made up of electrically charged particles, they are strongly influenced by electric and magnetic fields

2.) Plasma is made up of groups of positively and negatively charged particles.

3.) Plasma is an ionized gas

Examples

- lightning

- solar wind

- stars

- sun

- aurorae

- tail of a comet

Bose-Einstein condensate

A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state

Details

1.) Group of atoms behave as though they are a single particle.

2.) A BEC is more ordered than a solid

3.) Only exist in low temperatures.

Examples

- cold liquid helium

- superconductor